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Siddharth Kanojia
Shashi Bhushan Ojha
Muzaffar Hussain Mir


Many studies have concluded that corruption hinders economic expansion by threatening the viability of the public budget and reducing the capital available for infrastructure development and social welfare. Thereby cultivating social inequality and eroding trust in the state and institutions. In recent decades, the European Union (EU) and India have experienced multiple corruption cases, including bribery, embezzlement, and abuse of power. Consequently, some EU nations and India have attempted to implement legislations and frameworks to curtail corrupt practices. The impact of adopted approaches can be witnessed in the contrasting scores and ranks of both regions on the Corruption Perception Index. Therefore, considering the distinctiveness in the efficacy of the approaches adopted by both of these regions, this paper intends to explore the efficacy and limitations of anti-corruption initiatives and frameworks implemented in the EU region and, subsequently, recommend the adoption of a similar approach which may prove to be beneficial in addressing the pressing issues of political and bureaucratic corruption in India.    


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How to Cite
Kanojia, Siddharth, Shashi Bhushan Ojha, and Muzaffar Hussain Mir. 2023. “SCRUTINIZING ANTI-CORRUPTION INITIATIVES IN EUROPE: LESSONS TO LEARN FOR INDIA? ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (2):469-94.
Author Biographies

Siddharth Kanojia, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India

Dr. Siddharth Kanojia is presently associated with O.P Jindal Global University as Assistant Professor of Law and he has previously worked as Assistant Professor at Bennett University and Symbiosis Law School, Symbiosis International University. He graduated with a Bachelor of Business Studies degree in Finance from Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies. He then completed his LL.B. degree from Faculty of Law, University of Delhi. He holds an LL.M in International Business and Commercial Law from the University of Manchester, U.K and a Ph.D. degree in Corporate Law & Governance from Unisa, Italy. He has also qualified for UGC’s NET and JRF in Management and Law. He has worked at Jersey Island-based Intellectual Property Management Company as Legal Consultant and Manchester-based Start-up Company as Legal Advisor.

Shashi Bhushan Ojha, Bennett University, Greater Noida, India

Dr Shashi Bhushan Ojha is currently working as Assistant Professor at School of Law. He has 3 and half years of teaching experience. Before joining Bennett University, he has worked as Assistant Professor at Symbiosis Law School, Noida and Law College Dehradun, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun. He has also worked briefly as Research Officer at Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. He also received full scholarship from International Institute of Humanitarian Law to attend training course on International Refugee Law.

Muzaffar Hussain Mir, Bennett University, Greater Noida, India

Dr. Muzaffar is currently working as Assistant Professor in the School of Law. He has completed his Ph.D. in the area of Criminal Law from the Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia. He has published his work in various journals and has presented his papers in various conferences both in India and abroad. Recently, he was associated with the University of California, Irvine as a Research associate.