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Hristina Runcheva Tasev
Milena Apostolovska Stepanoska
Leposava Ognjanoska


This article aims to provide an overview of the legal framework protecting the right to education of refugees in North Macedonia. The right to education is one of the fundamental human rights guaranteed by many international legal instruments. International treaties are particularly strong on the universality of the right to education. In the first part of the paper, the authors examined various international legal instruments regarding the educational rights of refugees and immigrants. In the second part, the emphasis was placed on the Macedonian legal framework and public policies by examining the incorporation of the norms of international law into the domestic legal order by comparison. As part of the so-called Balkan route, North Macedonia has witnessed mixed migration flows from the Middle East through the Balkans on their way to Central and Western Europe in 2015-2016. Although it has been a transit country for most of the time, there are some asylum seekers whose educational rights were disregarded due to the existing gap between the legislation and implementation. The authors’ conclusion emphasizes the challenges that have to be tackled by different stakeholders in order to facilitate access to education for refugees entirely.    


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How to Cite
Runcheva Tasev, Hristina, Milena Apostolovska Stepanoska, and Leposava Ognjanoska. 2023. “INTERNATIONAL AND MACEDONIAN LEGAL TREATMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS OF REFUGEES”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (2):441-53.
Author Biographies

Hristina Runcheva Tasev, Faculty of Law, University "Ss. Cyril and Methodius" - Skopje, North Macedonia

Hristina Runcheva Tasev, PhD is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law “Iustinianus Primus”, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. She is an author of numerous scientific articles published in domestic and international academic peer-reviewed journals and proceedings and has participated in different academic projects and international conferences. Her teaching and research interests are focused on public policy, public opinion and mass media, the political system of the EU, and regulation and accommodation of ethnic conflicts. Hristina has been a Member of Parliament for two terms and has also served as a foreign policy associate in the Cabinet of the Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia. She is one of the founders of the Macedonian Institute for European Studies (MIES) and vice president of the International Academic Institute (IAI).

Milena Apostolovska Stepanoska, Faculty of Law, University "Ss. Cyril and Methodius" - Skopje, North Macedonia

Milena Apostolovska- Stepanoska, PhD is Associate Professor at the Law Faculty “Iustinianus Primus” Skopje. She teaches Political Sociology at the Political Studies Department and European Integrations at the Department for Journalism. In 2015 Apostolovska- Stepanoska defended her PhD thesis titled “The European Institutions and the European Identity“. Her main field of academic interest and research is the European Union and more specific the European Institutions. Apostolovska- Stepanoska had participated at numerous international conferences and meetings were she presented her work. Apart from the academic work Milena Apostolovska-Stepanoska has interests in various extra-curricular activities like working in a NGO sector were she is a president of the International Academic Institute.

Leposava Ognjanoska, International Balkan University, North Macedonia

Leposava Ognjanoska, LL.M, is a PhD. student at the Faculty of Law “Iustinianus Primus” Skopje – Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, in the field of Law of the EuropeanUnion and European Integration. She works as a Teaching Assistant at the Faculty of Law–International Balkan University in Skopje. Previous to this, she has gained professional experience working in both the think-tank sector and for state bodies, including as a Special Advisor to the Deputy Prime Minister for European Affairs. Her main field of research interest is European integration of the Western Balkans with special focus to the rule of law conditionality.