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Tomislav Mestrovic
Driton Kuqi
Goran Bandov


In this study, we aimed to examine the interconnectedness of health and peace, recognizing its significance within global health diplomacy, international relations, and human rights. For that purpose, we used the results from previous and ongoing Global Burden of Disease studies, which represent a comprehensive systematic appraisal of health problems and risks affecting populations worldwide. This paper could use its methodological underpinnings to analyze the impact of war, conflict, and terrorism on mortality and overall human health. In 2000, war and conflict were responsible for an estimated 310,000 deaths globally, compared to 2019, when this number decreased to 69,000. Recent findings reinforced the association between war, conflict, and increased all-cause mortality. Interpersonal violence also significantly contributed to human health loss resulting from disrupted peace. In Europe, disability-adjusted life years due to injury – including those caused by conflict – declined between 2000 and 2019. As we prioritize global health, peace-building initiatives, and global health diplomacy, big data will increasingly play a substantial role in accurately predicting and describing the health effects related to conflicts.    


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How to Cite
Mestrovic, Tomislav, Driton Kuqi, and Goran Bandov. 2023. “INFORMING GLOBAL HEALTH DIPLOMACY: EXAMINING HEALTH AND PEACE THROUGH THE LENS OF THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (2):195-208.
Author Biographies

Tomislav Mestrovic, University North, University Centre Varaždin, Croatia; Department of Health Metrics Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington, Seattle, USA; Fellow of the Global Young Academy

Tomislav Mestrovic is an Associate Professor at the University North in Croatia and an Affiliate Associate Professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the Department of Health Metrics Sciences of the University of Washington. He finished his medical and doctoral training at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine (Croatia), his MPH at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine of the University of London (United Kingdom), and his MBA in International Healthcare Management at the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management (Germany). In 2022 he was ranked among World's Top 2% researchers per Stanford list. His research interest lies with many global burdens of disease projects. In his research work, he explored geographical inequalities in drinking water access (Lancet Global Health), education disparities (Nature), and equitable/ethical access to scientific conferences (Nature Human Behaviour). He was a Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of Washington School of Medicine during the academic year 2021/2022 and was a lead author on the comprehensive assessment of antimicrobial resistance burden in the WHO European Region. He was also a member of the WHO/HIFA Working Group Member on Learning for Quality Health Services, a part of the WHO Global Learning Laboratory (GLL) for Quality Universal Health Coverage (UHC), and he currently serves as a member of the WHO Working Group on HIV risk assessment in routine case surveillance in EECA region.

Driton Kuqi, State University of Tetovo, North Macedonia

Driton Kuqi is a highly accomplished individual with a diverse background in law, politics, diplomacy, and economics. He currently serves as the Ambassador of the Repubic of North Macedonia to the Kingdom of Norway, a position he has held since Octomber 2022. He is a Doctor of Constitutional Law at State University of Tetova, responsible for teaching courses on Constitutional Law, Political Systems, and Comparative Constitutional Law. Kuqi's education and research have focused on constitutional law and the political system. He completed his PhD at the Faculty of Law Justinian Primus Ss."Cyril and Methodius" Skopje in 2018 with a PHD Thesis entitled "The fall of the principle of separation of power- Legislative vs Executive”. He received his master's degree in 2013, with a Master Thesis on "Parliamentarism in Macedonia-political control" and graduated in 2009 from the Faculty of Law "FON University" Skopje. Kuqi has also had a successful career in politics, having served as the Minister of Economy in the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia from 2016 to 2018. Before that, he was a Junior Assistant, and worked as a Legal Adviser on a Central European Bank project for the rehabilitation of health institutions in the country. Kuqi is a native Albanian speaker and is fluent in English, Croatian, and Macedonian. He is also an accomplished author, having published 11 publications on various topics. In addition to his academic and professional accomplishments, Kuqi is also known for his strong negotiating skills, high level of responsibility, and excellent planning and organizational skills. He is also highly regarded for his friendly personality, good social skills, and communicative and charismatic nature.

Goran Bandov, Department of International Relations and Sustainable Development at the University of Zagreb, Croatia; Fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science; Fellow of the Global Young Academy and Co-Lead of the Global Migrations and Human Rights working group of GYA

Goran Bandov PhD, Lawyer and Political Scientist, Full Professor of International Relations and Diplomacy, World Academy of Art and Science Fellow, Global Young Academy Fellow, Croatian Club of Rome President, Rotary Peace Fellow, Inter-Academy Partnership Science Advice board member, International Relations and Sustainable Development University Centre Head at the University of Zagreb, former Vice Dean at Dag Hammarskjöld University College of International Relations and Diplomacy in Zagreb (2009-2019) and former Research Fellow at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies of the University of Hamburg (2009-2014) is an European expert in Diplomacy, International Relations and International Law, Peace Studies and Sustainable Development. Bandov earned his Master in Law at the University of Osijek (2003), Master of Peace and Security Studies at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies in Hamburg (2005), PhD in Philosophy and Social Sciences at the University of Hamburg (2009) and his postdoctoral specialisation at the Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok (2017). Bandov is a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee of Croatian Parliament in the 4th mandate. In this role, he is an active adviser to the Croatian Parliament in the field of foreign and European policy. He is a very active populariser of science and regularly gives public lectures in Croatia and abroad. In addition, he is a very active foreign policy media commentator in different European media with over thousand media appearances, comments and interviews in the last few years. Bandov published and edited eight books and over 80 articles.