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Prabhpreet Singh
Driton Kuqi
Vijaylaxmi Sharma


Many oppressive governments have passed cyber laws, cracking down on free speech, and used less traditional tactics to restrict people’s capacity to speak freely and in public. This is particularly true in nations where the government regulates media and information flow due to closed information systems. Laws regulating fake news clash with citizens’ free speech and expression rights. The paper gives an overview of the hurdles in regulating transnational cases of fake news. In cases of cross-border jurisdiction, it becomes vital to examine International legal standards, such as international agreements and international institutions governing fake news. In this paper, we look at two case studies, one from Argentina and one from Brazil, to see how these countries have dealt with the issue of fake news in cases involving transnational jurisdictions. The paper concludes with the observation that various governments employ a variety of approaches and policies in order to combat fake news.   


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How to Cite
Singh, Prabhpreet, Driton Kuqi, and Vijaylaxmi Sharma. 2023. “REGULATING FAKE NEWS IN TRANSNATIONAL JURISDICTION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BRAZIL AND ARGENTINA”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (1):325-35.
Author Biographies

Prabhpreet Singh, Department of Law, Manipal University Jaipur, India

Mr. Prabhpreet Singh is working as an Assistant Professor of Law at the School of Law, Manipal University Jaipur. He is also a member of the Directorate of Corporate Relations and Placement. He has a work experience of more than 3 years. He has been continuously engaged in teaching subjects like Comparative Constitutional Law, Environmental Law, and Administrative Law. He holds a specialization in Constitutional Law and has taken 20 Guest Lectures on Comparative Constitutional Law at various universities including the University of Silesia in Katowice, the Faculty of Social Science, Poland, the Faculty of Law and Administration at the University of Gdansk, Poland, University of Santo Tomas Medellin Colombia, St. Kliment Ohridski-Bitola, North Macedonia, Mediterranea International Centre for Human Rights Research, Italy, University of Salerno, Italy and National Law College, Nepal. He is also an editorial board member of the Brazilian Journal of Alternative Dispute Resolution-RBADR, Reviewer in the journal entitled International Relations and Diplomacy (ISSN 2328-2134), Editorial board member of the journal Revista de drept constitutional (Constitutional law review Journal) and Junior executive editor in the Italian law journal (ISSN 2421-2156).

Driton Kuqi, State University of Tetovo, North Macedonia

Driton Kuqi is a highly accomplished individual with a diverse background in law, politics, diplomacy, and economics. He currently serves as the Ambassador of the Repubic of North Macedonia to the Kingdom of Norway, a position he has held since Octomber 2022. He is a Doctor of Constitutional Law at State University of Tetova, responsible for teaching courses on Constitutional Law, Political Systems, and Comparative Constitutional Law. Kuqi's education and research have focused on constitutional law and the political system. He completed his PhD at the Faculty of Law Justinian Primus Ss."Cyril and Methodius" Skopje in 2018 with a PHD Thesis entitled "The fall of the principle of separation of power- Legislative vs Executive”. He received his master's degree in 2013, with a Master Thesis on "Parliamentarism in Macedonia-political control" and graduated in 2009 from the Faculty of Law "FON University" Skopje. Kuqi has also had a successful career in politics, having served as the Minister of Economy in the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia from 2016 to 2018. Before that, he was a Junior Assistant, and worked as a Legal Adviser on a Central European Bank project for the rehabilitation of health institutions in the country. Kuqi is a native Albanian speaker and is fluent in English, Croatian, and Macedonian. He is also an accomplished author, having published 11 publications on various topics. In addition to his academic and professional accomplishments, Kuqi is also known for his strong negotiating skills, high level of responsibility, and excellent planning and organizational skills. He is also highly regarded for his friendly personality, good social skills, and communicative and charismatic nature.

Vijaylaxmi Sharma, Department of Law, Manipal University Jaipur, India

Dr. Vijay Laxmi Sharma is a Professor of Law and has acted in the leadership position as Director & Head of the Department of School of Law, Manipal University Jaipur. She has a rich and versatile teaching experience of over Seventeen years. During her illustrious career, she has efficiently and diligently, shouldered administrative and student welfare assignments and has donned multiple caps of different hierarchies within the University effortlessly. She was also awarded MUJ President's Award on 26th January 2016, for her excellent performance in Academics and guided several Doctoral students. She has organized legal awareness camps for law students and society. Her research area is woman Empowerment and child welfare. She is actively associated with various NGOs and organizations for legal counseling. Her zeal, wisdom, and go-getter attitude have established her as the face of the School of Law and in turn has led to the organization of multiple events like visits of law students to Supreme Court, High Court, Juvenile Court, and Session Court, Moot Courts and Seminars. She has chaired several National and International Seminars and has been vocal on several talks shows where she had argued her points well and had been felicitated as well. She is a legal advisor on the panel for a number of leading hospitals like CK Birla Hospital, EHCC Hospital, Narayana Heart Hospital, Jaipur and Manipal Integrated Services, Jaipur for prevention of sexual harassment at the workplace and has been part of various legal committees in the mainstream industrial setup. She has been often consulted by various confidential government assignments for its regular activities as a subject expert. She has also authored a very acclaimed book on Child Rights.