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Baidya Nath Mukherjee
Meera Mathew


The decades of increased Green House Gas (GHG) emissions have increased global average temperature to 1.1 degrees over pre-industrial levels. In order to hold the global average temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius and, if possible, 1.5 degree Celsius, the governments signed various treaties. However, countries’ collective agreements to reduce their emissions were never kept. This study outlines why the method of mitigating global climate change has failed. The main problem was the inability to enforce goals and timelines. Ideas for even tighter emission limits will be ineffective unless they solve the enforcement gap. Trade restrictions are one method, but they introduce significant complications, particularly when used to enforce economy-wide carbon reduction agreements. The applied methodology is qualitative. This study proposes a novel strategy to unpack the climate challenge, targeting various gasses and industries with various instruments. It also illustrates how failing to address the climate problem fundamentally would generate incentives for various solutions, offering new problems for climate change governance. 


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How to Cite
Mukherjee, Baidya Nath, and Meera Mathew. 2023. “GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE GOVERNANCE: A RETHINKING”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (1):277-88.
Author Biographies

Baidya Nath Mukherjee, AURO University, India

Baidya Nath Mukherjee is an Assistant Professor at the School of Law at AURO University. He is also a distinguished member of the International Council of Jurists, London, since 2018. He earned his LLM with a specialization in Business law from Amity University and is pursuing his Ph.D. from Christ (Deemed to be University). His area of research is Human Rights and Police Reforms. Before joining Auro, he held previous academic positions at Noida International University, Greater Noida and Christ (Deemed to be University), Delhi NCR Campus. Before joining academics, he practiced before the Hon’ble Delhi High Court and Patiala House District Court, New Delhi. He has also authored several Articles and Book Chapters in international and nationally indexed journals, including the Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, the Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, and Taylor and Francis, to name a few. He is also an Honorary Member of the Editorial Board of Abhidhvaj Law Journal, Lucknow, and a reviewer at the Asian Journal of International Peace and Security.

Meera Mathew, Christ (Deemed-to-be) University, India

Dr. Meera Mathew is currently working as an Associate Professor at the School of Law - CHRIST (Deemed to be University) - Delhi NCR. Prior to this, she was working as an Assistant Professor (senior grade) at Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA, the constituent of Symbiosis International (Deemed University). She is a gold medalist, did the five-year integrated law of B.S.L, L.L.B from I.L.S College, Pune University, and completed her LLM from Indian Law Institute, New Delhi, with first rank. She pursued Ph.D from the Indian Law Institute, and one of her chapters as a working paper had been referred to in Indian Law Commission’s Consultation Paper pertaining to “Sedition”. Further, she also presented research papers at Stanford University(USA), Glasgow University (Scotland), Maltepe University (Turkey), and Howard University of Kwazulu Natal (South Africa). Prior to joining academics, she worked as a Legal Associate at Infosys, Bangalore (Legal Division), where she was involved in reviewing Software Licensing Agreements inked by the company. She also worked as Junior Advocate and fought for cases concerning human rights. Moreover, she is a visiting faculty for the Diploma Programme of the Indian Law Institute and Indian Institute of Mass Communication. Her areas of interest are technology law, media law, criminal law, women, justice & human rights. She has many national and international journal (SCOPUS indexed) publications to her credit.