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Mohd. Agoes Aufiya


The term “Indo-Pacific” became increasingly significant and was accepted by several countries, including Indonesia. The government welcomed the term as part of its foreign policy projection, which developed its unique perspective or interpretation, including inclusivity, a rule based on international law, and ASEAN’s centrality and cooperation for regional growth. This study would answer the question of how the concept of Indo-Pacific will be interpreted within Indonesia's unique context compared to other countries. Thus, this research aimed to describe several key factors in constructing the Indonesian perspective on the Indo-Pacific concept, particularly under President Jokowi’s leadership. This research applied qualitative with library methods from the primary and secondary data sources. This paper argued six factors that constructed Indonesia’s perspective on Indo-Pacific: maritime historical legacy; the “Bebas-Aktif” principle; ASEAN values; geographical position; and democratic values. The research concluded that Indonesia is one of the major countries that consistently championed the term “Indo-Pacific” within the regional and international spheres, with a “moderate” status in terms of its foreign policy implementation, which is mainly characterized by inclusivity and cooperation in the economy by constructively engaging all countries. 


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How to Cite
Aufiya, Mohd. Agoes. 2023. “FACTORS IN CONSTRUCTING INDONESIA’S PERSPECTIVES ON THE INDO-PACIFIC”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (1):253-64. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2391259a.
Author Biography

Mohd. Agoes Aufiya, Centre for Indo-Pacific Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University - New Delhi, India

Mohd. Agoes Aufiya is a Ph.D. candidate at the Centre for Indo-Pacific Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. He is working on his Ph.D. thesis, "Indonesia Maritime Strategy: Implications for India-Indonesia Relations in the Indo-Pacific, 2004-2019," under Prof. Shankari Sundararaman. He is also a faculty member in the Department of International Relations, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. He completed a B.A. in International Relations at Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2012. In 2013, he continued his study at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, India, for a Master in International Politics (2013–2015) and a Master of Philosophy in the Centre of Indo-Pacific Studies (2015–2017), with a dissertation titled "Indonesia's Global Maritime Fulcrum: Approaches to Managing Stability in the Indo-Pacific, 2004-2016." His main research interests are in the Indo-Pacific, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the South Pacific, and Indonesia's foreign policy and maritime affairs. He has published recent research on the title (i) "Indonesia's Global Maritime Fulcrum: Contribution in the Indo-Pacific Region" in Andalas Journal of International Studies and (ii) "Indonesia-India Bilateral Relations Under Jokowi & Modi Leaderships: An Indonesian Perspective" in International Journal of Qualitative Research; (iii) "Integration of Citizen Diplomacy and Digital Diplomacy in Indonesia's Diplomacy Strategy" as a book chapter. He also participated in several international conferences, and the latest is (i) International Conference and Interdisciplinary Social Studies, Media, and Communication 2021 hosted by the Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Halu Oleo, Indonesia (November 2021); (ii) The 4th International Symposium on Social Sciences, Humanities, Education and Religious Studies (Isherss) hosted by Department of International Relations, Communications, Government Studies, Japanese Education, English Education, Arabic Education in Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (July 2022); (iii) Indonesian Language International Seminar (SIBI) hosted by 2022 Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (November 2022). Besides being a writer, he is also an editor in several Indonesia journals, such as Global-Local Interactions (GLI), Journal of International Relations, a multi-disciplinary journal by the Department of International Relations, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, and Politea, and Journal on Islamic Political Thought under the Department of Islamic Political Thought, Faculty of Da'wah and Islamic Communication, State Islamic Institute of Kudus. His most recent books are (i) "Internasionalisasi Muhammadiyah" [Internationalization of Muhammadiyah] in 2022 and (ii) "Dari Kami Untuk Negeri" [From Us to the Country] in 2016. He was awarded three times (2014, 2015, 2017) an Ambassador's Award by the Government of Indonesia under the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in New Delhi, India, with a partial scholarship. He is also well known in social media, particularly on YouTube, where he has 590,000 subscribers as a vlogger in India and 10k followers on Instagram. He is active as a speaker at the national level among universities, organizations, the news media, radio, and national television networks such as Metro TV, TV One, and Kompas TV, as well as international media networks such as British Muslim TV. Besides academic experiences, he also served as internship staff in several prestigious government institutions related to his background, such as Education Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia, New Delhi, India (2013); Trade Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia, New Delhi, India (2014); and Overseas Indonesian Election Committee in New Delhi, India (2018-2019).