Main Article Content

Pratyush Paras Sarma


Recent years have witnessed a significant inner transformation among political parties in both developed and developing democracies of the world. Different factors, such as changes in the structure of the media environment owing to the technological boom in the last two decades and changes in voting behavior, led to the transformation of the political parties in different democracies worldwide. Therefore, studying the patterns of this transformation has become an integral part of the current political science research.  Early studies have demonstrated the indexes based on professionalization. However, limited studies have tried to examine the process of transformation relating to professionalization and are almost missing from the studies based on non-western democracies like India. Therefore, against this backdrop, this study tries to expand the literature by providing a theoretical framework consisting of causal mechanisms which would explain the process of professionalization of campaigns with special reference to Indian elections through the theory testing method of process tracing. The framework has been provided in a series of causal mechanisms to answer how the considered individual variables react when they come in contact. This paper concludes by justifying the conceptual framework of professionalization. 


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How to Cite
Sarma, Pratyush Paras. 2023. “PROCESS TRACING AND PROFESSIONALIZATION OF POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (1):220-35.
Author Biography

Pratyush Paras Sarma, Australian National University - Canberra, Australia

Pratyush Paras Sarma is from Assam, India. He is currently pursuing his doctoral studies in the School of Politics and International Relations at the Australian National University. Before that, he completed his post-graduation in Development Studies at the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati. Before starting his doctoral studies, Pratyush has experience working as a researcher in various socio-political and development fields. His research interest lies in areas related to governance, public policy, and electoral studies. He is also the Co-Founder of a research think tank in India, Northeast Development Agency (NEDA) an initiative by The Enajoree Foundation (TEF).