IMPROVING WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT THROUGH DEVOLUTION IN KENYA: THE CASE OF NAIROBI AND KAKAMEGA COUNTIES

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Sylvester Chisika
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3417-6325
Chunho Yeom

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the progress of women's empowerment through employment opportunities in Nairobi and Kakamega Counties in Kenya between 2013 and 2017. Despite the increasing policies that aim to mainstream social equity and equality, there is still a significant gap between policy commitments and practices. The study evaluated whether the implementation of devolved governance in the two counties has improved women's empowerment. The study's framework included an in-depth review of policy documents, official records, and reports from official websites to understand women's economic empowerment status in Nairobi and Kakamega. The study analyzed qualitative and quantitative data from County Integrated Development Plans and other secondary sources. Specifically, it examined compliance with the 30% gender rule, requiring women to hold at least 30% of all elective and appointive positions. The study found that Nairobi commands the largest share of formal sector wage employment in Kenya, and women's access to employment opportunities remains slightly lower than men in both counties. Despite implementing the 30% gender rule, the study revealed the need for more comprehensive policies that promote gender equality and women's economic empowerment in both Nairobi and Kakamega. 

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How to Cite
Chisika, Sylvester, and Chunho Yeom. 2023. “IMPROVING WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT THROUGH DEVOLUTION IN KENYA: THE CASE OF NAIROBI AND KAKAMEGA COUNTIES ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (1):101-16. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2391102ch.
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Author Biographies

Sylvester Chisika, International School of Urban Sciences, University of Seoul, Republic of Korea

Sylvester Ngome Chisika is an assistant conservator of forests in the Kenya Forest Service. He holds a master's degree from the International School of Urban Sciences at the University of Seoul since 2018. While he studied at the University of Seoul, he participated in the Master for Future Global Leaders in Environmental Policy (MGLEP) program sponsored by the Ministry of Environment in Korea.

Chunho Yeom, International School of Urban Sciences, University of Seoul, Republic of Korea

Chunho Yeom, Ph.D., is a professor of the International School of Urban Sciences at the University of Seoul in Korea since 2018, focusing on overseas construction management, project risk management, and urban traffic and environmental policy. Before that, he had worked for Korea Expressway Corporation for about 20 years, specializing in expressway construction management, traffic safety, and environmental analysis. He received a doctorate from North Carolina State University in the U.S. in 2015 focused on traffic operation analysis in a freeway construction area.