THE APPLIED STATE OF VIOLATION OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS IN ARMED CONFLICTS: YAZIDI WOMEN DURING THE ISIS WAR IN IRAQ

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Roza Omer Hamadamin
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8852-9491
Nor Anita Abdullah
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6809-2955
Mohd Zakhiri Md. Nor

Abstract

On 3 August 2014, fighters from the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) attacked the Yazidi minority of Sinjar in Kurdistan-Iraq. The Yazidi community was the main target of ISIS fighters, including Yazidi women. The ISIS group has committed violence against Yazidi women in several ways. This study aims to show the crimes committed by the group ISIS against Yazidi women and to highlight the problem of violence against women in war through recent living examples, such as women in the ISIS war between 2014-2017. The second part of this study identifies the legal deficiencies related to the regulations that guarantee the protection of women's rights in Iraq. Through a content analysis approach, qualitative methodologies are used. Also, based on a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews, this paper found that the Yazidi women and girls have been subjected to the most heinous crimes involving international crimes. Furthermore, despite various legal provisions in Iraqi laws and the constitution relating to protecting women's rights, these laws have several legal deficiencies. The Iraqi legal authority has not attempted to guarantee sufficient protection for women's rights in armed conflicts.     

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How to Cite
Hamadamin, Roza Omer, Nor Anita Abdullah, and Mohd Zakhiri Md. Nor. 2022. “THE APPLIED STATE OF VIOLATION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN ARMED CONFLICTS: YAZIDI WOMEN DURING THE ISIS WAR IN IRAQ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 8 (3):272-94. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2283272h .
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Author Biographies

Roza Omer Hamadamin, School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia

Roza Omer Hamad Amin, Erbil-Kurdistan region of Iraq. Assistant lecturer at the college of law and international relations at Lebanese French university, Department of Law, Erbil-Kurdistan region of Iraq.  Master of international law in near east university (NEU) 2018. Ph.D. student at University Utara Malaysia (2020- present). Her area of interest in research is international law, international humanitarian law, law and security, and women's rights in armed conflicts.

Nor Anita Abdullah, School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia

Nor Anita Abdullah, Associate Professor of the School of Law, University Utara Malaysia (UUM). She is currently an Associate Fellow at Legal and Justice Research Center (LJRC) of University Utara Malaysia. Master of Comparative (MCL) (2004) at International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM). Ph.D holder from University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in 2013. She started her career as academician in 2005 at private college and university before joining UUM in 2006 and had completed her pupillage in 2005 from Messr Wan Harun Hashim, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Her area of expertise and interest of research and publication are public health and security laws, bioterrorism law, contract law and business law.

Mohd Zakhiri Md. Nor, School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia

Associate Professor Dr.Mohd Zakhiri, Deputy Dean at the School of Law, University Utara Malaysia, Masters of Comparative Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia, University Islam Antarabangsa, PhD holder of Islamic Finance, INCEIF, He has 14 years of experience as a University lecturer and 10 years of experience in Islamic finance Shariah advisory. His area of expertise and interest of research and publication are Islamic banking law, Islamic law of transaction and comparative law, conflict of laws and Fintech law & regulations.