THE MIGRATION STRATEGIES AND POSITIONS ON THE EU MIGRATION AND ASYLUM AGENDA: EVIDENCE FROM THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES

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Tomáš Kajánek

Abstract

At the time of the outbreak of the migration crisis in Europe, the Visegrad Group gained the status of the EU troublemaker due to its opposition to the solidarity and cohesion mechanisms adopted on the European level. The migration strategies (not only) of the individual states of the grouping proved insufficient and unfeasible in times of crisis. However, in the case of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and the Slovak Republic, the absence of national mechanisms and solutions was partially replaced after 2015 by joint declarations and statements rejecting active cooperation in resolving migration and asylum pressures within the EU Single Market. Despite failing to manage migratory pressures since 2015, four Central European countries have not learned their lessons and will face unprecedented crises in 2022 again. This time, however, Visegrad countries became the first-line countries affected by the refugee crisis. The migration and asylum agenda is thus becoming an extremely complex problem within the Visegrad Group region due to the initially intense politicization of the topic by the government elites in individual states. The paper analyses the migration strategies of individual states and the migration and asylum management-related positions after the migration crisis in 2015 and the sequence of events associated with the outbreak of armed conflict in Ukraine in early 2022.   

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How to Cite
Kajánek, Tomáš. 2022. “THE MIGRATION STRATEGIES AND POSITIONS ON THE EU MIGRATION AND ASYLUM AGENDA: EVIDENCE FROM THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 8 (3):202-19. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2283202k .
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Author Biography

Tomáš Kajánek, PhD at the Faculty of International Relations, University of Economics in Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Ing. Tomas Kajanek, PhD - Faculty of International Relations, University of Economics in Bratislava in the field of International Relations. The author finished PhD studies at the University of Economics in Bratislava and completed several study and research stays in the European Union countries. His dissertation thesis focused on the political and economic aspects of the Visegrad Group countries´ membership in the European Union. The main areas of the author´s research are the European Union, and the Central and Eastern Europe region with a special interest in the Visegrad group. Given the current trends in the international relations literature, he incorporates programming languages and algorithms in his research in order to explain the relationships and dependencies of modern international relations. He attended a considerable number of international conferences aimed at European integration issues and published and co-published dozens of scientific and other professional contributions. Currently, he is a member of several international and domestic projects concerning the European union focused mainly on migration and asylum policy, digitization and the Covid-19 crisis in Europe. He led seminars focused on the World Economy, European Union, and Negotiations in Diplomatic practice. Apart from other professional experience, he was a member of the foreign representative office where he gained practical experience in political and economic diplomacy. He is the co-author of the strategic document of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Relations of the Slovak Republic: Economic Diplomacy in the Field of Bilateral and Multilateral Relations with a view to 2025 where he conducted a forecast of bilateral trade between the Slovak republic and individual countries of the world economy. Currently, he works in the private sector.