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Muhamed Ali


The Balkans is considered a vital area in international relations. It has always attracted and is still attracting the interest of global and regional powers and factors on the international stage, including Turkey. Besides the political, economic, and defense aspects, the soft power of Turkish multidimensional diplomacy represents one of the most important segments of the relations between Turkey and the Balkan countries. Turkish government institutions like the Diyanet (Presidency of Religious Affairs), Yunus Emre, Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (YTB), TIKA, Turkish State Media, Maarif education institutions, and various non-governmental organizations represent some of the most vital segments of the cultural, religious and educational expansion of the Turkish state in the Balkan countries. This paper is mainly based on the following research methods: historical, descriptive, and in-depth analysis. This study aims to answer the main question of this research - Do the above-mentioned soft power policy tools play a vital role in the further development of Turkey-Balkan countries relations? This paper concludes that the Turkish soft power policy in the Balkans faces a series of challenges that affect its expansion's functionality and success.


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How to Cite
Ali, Muhamed. 2022. “TURKEY’S SOFT POWER POLICY TOWARDS THE BALKANS: CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 8 (2):255-65. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2282255a .
Author Biography

Muhamed Ali, University of Sharjah - Sharjah, UAE

Muhamed Ali received his doctoral degree in Political Sciences from the Faculty of Law, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in North Macedonia. Previously, he worked at the Faculty of Islamic Sciences in Skopje, North Macedonia, at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and at the Faculty of Law at the International University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, at International Balkan University in North Macedonia, and served as a Visiting Faculty at Anadolu University, Turkey and Faculty of Islamic Studies, Kosovo. Actively participates in various international conferences and is the author of several books and articles published in different languages by prestigious international publishing houses and indexed journals. He currently works as a Visiting Associate Professor at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sharjah, UAE, lecturing in the field of International Relations and International Law.