TURKISH AND LIBYAN REFUGEE DEALS: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S SECURITARIAN IRREGULAR MIGRATION POLICY

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Hikmet Menguaslan
Murat Necip Arman

Abstract

This article critically analyzed the Turkish and Libyan refugee deals. We argued that these deals proved to be unsustainable policy frameworks by focusing on their practical outcomes regarding humanitarian objectives. We utilized the 'Fortress Europe' concept to demonstrate how the European Union’s security concerns shaped the framework of these deals. Our study elaborated on two main arguments: First, these deals have undermined both Turkey and Libya’s migration management capacities. Second, these deals failed to provide adequate mechanisms supervising the enforcement of humanitarian objectives. We focus on two dynamics leading to the failure of these deals. First, the EU’s prioritization of security concerns has resulted in overlooking the irregular migration’s humanitarian and societal costs to the third countries. Second, the EU’s securitarian strategy contributed to further politicization and securitization of cooperation on migration. In conclusion, we argue that the EU should revise its securitarian strategy on irregular migration to include a more effective multi-lateral and multi-dimensional framework that focuses more on humanitarian issues while ensuring that the responsibilities will be fairly shared between the EU and third countries based on their capacities.

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How to Cite
Menguaslan, Hikmet, and Murat Necip Arman. 2022. “TURKISH AND LIBYAN REFUGEE DEALS: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION’S SECURITARIAN IRREGULAR MIGRATION POLICY”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 8 (1):340-59. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2281340m.
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Author Biographies

Hikmet Menguaslan, Aydin Adnan Menderes University - Aydin, Turkey

Dr. Hikmet Menguaslan currently works at the Department of International Relations at Aydin Adnan Menderes University. Dr. Menguaslan holds a PhD in International Relations from Middle East Technical University. His research focuses on the Middle East and International Development and Turkish Foreign Policy. His publications appeared in Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies and he is a member of International Studies Association (ISA).

Murat Necip Arman, Aydin Adnan Menderes University - Aydin, Turkey

Dr. Murat Necip Arman currently works as an associate professor at the Department of International Relations at Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Turkey. He has a bachelor and master degree in the area of International Relations from Ege University and a PhD degree in European Studies from the Dokuz Eylul University. His research interests include Balkan politics, European political integration and Turkey-EU relations. He is a member of the International Relations Council of Turkey and the Association for Research on Diplomacy (DARD).