COLLECTIVE MEMORY IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTENT RECONFIGURATION: THE ANECDOTES OF THE SOVIET AND POST-SOVIET ERA

Main Article Content

Nataliia Komykh
Yaroslav Zharko

Abstract

The article considers the phenomenon of collective memory as a resource of social interaction, legitimization of social practices. In particular, attention is paid to aspects of reconfiguration of the content of the collective memory of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods. Societies remember differently. Ukrainian society has a traumatic social experience gained as a result of the transformational processes of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the formation of an independent state, a democratic political order. The phenomenon of memory is considered in more detail on the example of the results of the study of collective memory reflected in anecdotes. The authors noted that the anecdote is a mechanism for translating cultural meanings into the memory of societies. The anecdote represents the symbolic systems of objective manifestations of collective memory. Based on the analysis of the results of the research by the method of content analysis using the online program Voyant Tools, reconfigurations of the content of anecdotes were recorded: from political to private; from local toponymic discourse to global; from ridiculing the policy of the state to the experience of society through the humor of the historical events of the formation of independent Ukraine. 

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How to Cite
Komykh, N. ., & Zharko, Y. . (2022). COLLECTIVE MEMORY IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTENT RECONFIGURATION: THE ANECDOTES OF THE SOVIET AND POST-SOVIET ERA. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 8(1), 265-276. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2281265k
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Author Biographies

Nataliia Komykh, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs - Dnipro, Ukraine

Assoc. Prof. Nataliia Komykh - Ph.D Candidate, Associate Professor of Humanities Sciences and Policing Psychology Department in Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs. Expert of the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education of Ukraine. Sociologist by profession. She have a diploma of a specialist in "Sociology", qualification - sociologist, teacher of social sciences and humanities after graduating from Dnepropetrovsk National University (1998). She graduated from the Department of Sociology of Dnipropetrovsk National University, specialty 22.00.04 - special and branch sociology (2005). In 2006 she defended his Ph.D. thesis and received a Ph.D. degree in sociological sciences. Theme of the dissertation: "Socio-cultural context of formation and development of entrepreneurship in Ukraine". Based on the results of the candidate's dissertation, an integrative sociocultural approach to the study of the sociocultural context of small business was developed and applied, which is based on the principles of active personality, anthroposocial compliance, interaction of culture and sociality; the components of the socio-cultural environment that determine the specifics of small business development in Ukraine are identified and considered. It is proved that family egocentrism is a factor that contributes to the active and effective development of small business. In 2008 - received a scientific degree - associate professor of sociology department. In 1998 she began teaching as an assistant at the Department of Sociology. O. Gonchar. 2001-2011 - assistant, senior lecturer, assistant professor of sociology department of Dneprodzerzhinsk State Technical University. 2006-2007 Head of the Laboratory of Sociological Research at the Department of Sociology of the Dneprodzerzhinsky State Technical University. She teaching as associate professor of the Department of Sociology of Dnipropetrovsk National University named after O. Gonchar. Since 2000 Member of the Sociological Association of Ukraine. Since 2021 Member of the International Association of Educational Researchers. She took part in the work of the Summer School "Gender in Transitional Society: Sociological, Political and Cultural Perspectives", Kyiv and the School of Young Sociologists, Kyiv, School of Political Studies, Kyiv. In 2017 he studied at the Summer Language School in Warsaw, Poland. (studying the Polish language), She has about 80 scientific publications: professional articles, abstracts, textbooks, encyclopedias. Sphere of scientific interests: sociology of security, socioecology, visual sociology, gender sociology, polling methods of sociological research. She was a participate as a leader and participant in research projects: "Adaptation of freshmen to the educational process", "University rebranding strategy", "Social portrait of residents of Dnipropetrovsk", "Dnipro - city of the future", "Educational Landing", organized by T-Update, in partnership with Training BOX, "Learning through Play". Ukrainian Association of Educational Researchers, Australian Council of Education Researchers Lego Foundation International (first stage, 2020-2021), "Online education as a tool for community development", which includes training "Digital tools and methods of facilitation in working with young people".

Yaroslav Zharko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University - Dnipro, Ukraine

YaroslavZharko, post-graduate student of the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences and International Relations, Dnipro National University. In 2013, YaroslavZharkoentered the O. Honchar Dnipro National University at the Faculty of Social Sciences and International Relations, majoring in Sociology. During his studies at the university he was actively involved in scientific activities. During his studies, YaroslavZharko had the following research interests: historical memory of Ukrainians; laughter culture of the Soviet and post-Soviet space; city and urban space in sociological perspective; social forecasting. YaroslavZharko also won second place in the All-Ukrainian competition of student research papers in sociology. The topic of the research is "Landscapes of memory in urban space: features of change". YaroslavZharko presented the results of his own empirical research, which he conducted during his undergraduate practice on the material of diachronic study of commemorative objects in Dnipro. YaroslavZharko defended his master's thesis on "The politics of memory in modern Ukraine: actors, determinants, and forms of regulation." and received a master's degree with honors (December 31, 2018). Spring 1, 2019 YaroslavZharko became a postgraduate student for the specialty "sociology" at the Dnipro National University. The topic of the dissertation research is "Temporality of social changes: historical and sociological reconfigurations". YaroslavZharko explores the peculiarities of the temporal regime of modern Ukrainian society, which has three modes: "past", "present", "future". During his student years, he explored the mode of the past in Ukrainian society, namely the historical and social memory of Ukrainians. Now, YaroslavZharko explores all three modes as a holistic phenomenon. From July 2020 to November 2020, YaroslavZharko worked at the company "Operational Sociology". The company is engaged in sociological and marketing research. In this company, YaroslavZharko received the position of research manager. His responsibilities included: monitoring and managing the database of interviewers; development of a sample of the survey; creating a survey questionnaire; conducting focus groups; induction analysis of focus groups; writing press releases based on research results; development of projects under various grants. From January 2021 to June 2021, YaroslavZharko worked as a history teacher at a secondary school in the village of Gubinykha. In this work, he improved his management skills and multitasking, as he taught the history of Ukraine and world history from 5th to 11th grades.