RURAL DEPOPULATION IN SPAIN: NEXT GENERATION EU AS A STIMULUS TO ACCELERATE THE TRANSFORMATION

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Marcin Roman Czubala Ostapiuk
Monica Puente Regidor
Carlos Corullon Hermosa

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to examine the situation of depopulation in Spain. Also, to highlight the importance of digital transformation and the funds provided through the Next Generation EU (NGEU) to fight against this phenomenon. Based on data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE), an empirical investigation about the current state of population abandonment in Spain has been carried out. Moreover, the Digitization Index (DiGiX) has been used to obtain a territorial vision about the digitization degree of the Autonomous Communities (CCAA). Finally, the estimates of the Spanish executive set out in the National Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan (RTRP) have been used to underline the importance of Next Generation EU resources to fight the problem of ‘empty Spain’. That was to see that mentioned country is currently at the head of the ‘demographic deserts’ of the EU. Likewise, the Recovery Plan for Europe, and its digital axe, constitute one of the key factors to combat the population abandonment of the Spanish rural areas. In other words, an important approach, which addresses the wide deficiencies in the literature on the subject, is making this research highly relevant and interesting.

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How to Cite
Czubala Ostapiuk , M. R. ., Puente Regidor , M. ., & Corullon Hermosa , C. . (2022). RURAL DEPOPULATION IN SPAIN: NEXT GENERATION EU AS A STIMULUS TO ACCELERATE THE TRANSFORMATION. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 8(1), 211-228. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2281211co
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Author Biographies

Marcin Roman Czubala Ostapiuk , National University of Distance Education, Spain

PhD in Political Science from the Complutense University of Madrid (Department of Applied, Public and Political Economy). MA in International Politics: Sector and Area Studies (UCM). Graduate in European Studies from the University of Warsaw. Fellow of the University Teacher Training Program (FPU) of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports of Spain. Extraordinary Doctorate Award. Currently, he holds the position as Lecturer at the Department of Applied Economics (National University of Distance Education). Among his research lines are the political challenges, history and modernization of the European Union, the Economic and Monetary Union, as well as the economic governance of the EU.

Monica Puente Regidor , Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Graduate in Political Science and Administration from the Complutense University of Madrid. She has a Law degree from the National Distance Education University and an MA in European Political Economy from the London School of Economics. PhD in Political Science and Administration from the Complutense University of Madrid. Currently, she works as a Lecturer at the Department of Applied, Public and Political Economy (UCM). She focuses her research activity on the analysis of the European Political Economy, the economic governance of the European Union and the role of economic institutions in monetary and political integration processes.

Carlos Corullon Hermosa , Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

PhD in Economics from the Autonomous University of Madrid with international mention, MBA on Aviation Companies (UAM), BA of Economics (UAM) and Graduate in Aeronautical Management (UAM). Between 2005 and 2011 he was a lecturer in the Aeronautical Management of the University of Castilla La Mancha. Since 2009 he is an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Economics at the Complutense University and since 2016 he holds the same position in the Department of Economic Analysis: Economic Theory and Economic History (UAM). He has completed a research stay at Cranfield University (United Kingdom). His research interest are: Air Transport and Tourism, International Economy and Innovation and Knowledge Transfer.