POST-PULWAMA INDO-PAK CONFLICT: RECONNOITERING THE ROLE OF SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION

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Bawa Singh
Aslam Khan
Jagmeet Bawa
Balinder Singh

Abstract

Terrorism has emerged as one of the major challenges for the Eurasian regional peace, security, and cooperation. Keeping these challenges in perspective, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established to eliminate the menace of terrorism, fundamentalism, and secessionism. Against this background, the main objectives of this paper are to examine how terrorism emerged as a major determining factor in the Indo-Pak relations and how the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), was failed to play its effective role in the Indo-Pak conflict given the Pulwama terror attack. For this research, descriptive and analytical methods were used and the data was collected from secondary sources. The major findings of this article are that terrorism has emerged as one of the major determinants of Indo-Pak relations and the same has become a major challenge for the SCO to resolve the issue. Against the background of terror attacks, it was anticipated that the SCO would play a crucial role to pacify the situation. However, the role played by the SCO in this situation proved marked as a Whack-a-Mole. 

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How to Cite
Singh, B. ., Khan, A. ., Bawa, J. ., & Singh, B. . (2022). POST-PULWAMA INDO-PAK CONFLICT: RECONNOITERING THE ROLE OF SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 8(1), 192-210. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2281192s
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Author Biographies

Bawa Singh, Central University of Punjab - Bathinda, India

Dr. Bawa Singh has been teaching in the Department of South and Central Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda-India). He has contributed several articles in the international and national journals and books. He has completed one major research project entitled - Role of SAARC: Geostrategic and Geo-economic Perspectives, which funded by the ICSSR. He has guided 12 M. Phil and 6 Ph. D. degrees. He has also been contributing articles in international and national major think tanks such- Modern Diplomacy, Diplomat, Eurasian Review, and South Asian Monitor, IPPR, SADF, AIDIA etc. His research areas include Geopolitics of South and Central Asian region, regional cooperation, Indian foreign policy, health diplomacy etc.

Aslam Khan, Mahatma Gandhi Central University - Bihar, India

Dr. Aslam Khan is Associate Professor in Department of Gandhian and Peace Studies, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Bihar-India. Prior to this, he served as Professor of International Relations and Dean, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Yobe State University, Nigeria. He also served as Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science and International Studies at Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia. Dr. Khan also served as Associate Professor & Head, Department of Political Science and Administration at Yobe State University, Nigeria. He also served Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-INDIA as Assistant Professor of Political Science. Dr Khan has been been very actively engaged in his research pursuits concerning US and South Asia, Peace and Conflict, South Asian Politics, African Politics and Terrorism. He is also the member of International Political Science Association (IPSA), Canada, International Studies Association (ISA), USA, Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), USA and Indian Political Science Association (IPSA), India. He is also the member of Executive Council of Asia Pacific Peace Research Association (APPRA).

Jagmeet Bawa, Central University of Himachal Pradesh - Dharmshala, India

Dr. Jagmeet Singh Bawa is an Associate Professor and Head, Department of Political Science, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharmshala, India. He has 15 years of experience in Teaching and research. Indian Political System and Central Asian Politics is his specialization. Earlier he taught for ten years at I K Gujral Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, India. He has guided ten students for their Ph.D. degrees and written five books and more than 30 research papers. He is a widely travelled person and travelled to many countries for academic and research purposes. Currently, he is focusing on Central Asian Politics and four students are working for their doctoral degree under him on the same topic.

Balinder Singh, Central University of Himachal Pradesh-Dharmshala, India

Balinder Singh is Research Scholar in the Department of Political Science, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharmshala, India. I'm working on the topic Regional Integration in India’s 'Connect Central Asia' Policy'. He has published more than 7 research papers on different aspects of Trump’s strategy in South Asia, India’s Education Diplomacy, Health Diplomacy and India’s Vaccine Diplomacy.