THE CHALLENGING FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES

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Rimsha Khalid
Mohsin Raza
Anusara Sawangchai
Chanyanan Somtawinpongsai

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors such as access to finance, legal constraints, and entrepreneurial skill on women's participation in business activities. The mediating effects of self-leadership were also established as an influence on women's participation in business activities. Moreover, the study examined the moderating effect of education among self-leadership and participation of women in entrepreneurial activities. The study selected a quantitative method and structured questionnaire for the data collection. The study found a significant relationship of the effect of access to finance, legal constraints, and entrepreneurial skill with women's participation in entrepreneurial activities. Moreover, the study found a significant mediating effect of self-leadership between factors and women's participation in entrepreneurial activities as well as a significant moderating effect of education between self-leadership and participation of women in entrepreneurial activities. The study suggests that the government and other institutions should take the initiative in women's entrepreneurship that affects women's self-leadership skills. The policymakers should pay attention to the financial concerns of women in business activities.

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How to Cite
Khalid, R. ., Raza, M., Sawangchai, A. ., & Somtawinpongsai, C. . (2022). THE CHALLENGING FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 8(1), 51-66. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2281051k
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Articles
Author Biographies

Rimsha Khalid, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology - Cyberjaya, Malaysia

Dr. Rimsha Khalid is a PhD graduate at the Department of Business Management, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Malaysia. Her research interests comprise Entrepreneurship, Marketing Management, Human Resource Management, Organisational behavior, and Finance.

Mohsin Raza, Faculty of Management Sciences, Phuket Rajabhat University - Phuket, Thailand

Dr. Mohsin Raza working as visiting professor of business management in Phuket Rajabhat University. He has obtained PhD degree from University Utara Malaysia in field of marketing. The core areas of expertise are branding, marketing techniques, customer behaviour, selfie marketing, impacts of COVID-19, student behaviour, before and after effects of COVID-19, tourism and social media marketing.

Anusara Sawangchai, Business Administration in Entrepreneurship Program, Faculty of Management Sciences, Phuket Rajabhat University - Phuket, Thailand

Dr. Anusara Sawangchai is Assistant Professor atfaculty of Management Sciences, Phuket Rajhabhat university. She is working as assistant to president, director of faculty of management and handling international affair department as well. Her research interest includes employee management, organizational policies, entrepreneurship and employer branding.

Chanyanan Somtawinpongsai, The MA Program in Art of Management, Rajapark Institute - Bangkok, Thailand

Dr. Chanyanan Somtawinpongsai is working at the Master of Art Program in Art of Management, Rajapark Institute, Bangkok, Thailand. Her research interests include business management and social media marketing.