CHINESE SOCIAL CREDIT SYSTEM: NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY?

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Sinisa Domazet
Majida Lubura
Ivona Susak Lozanovska
Nina Ilik

Abstract

The Social Credit system (SCS) in China is being applied in an increasing number of areas of everyday life. This system is built around rewarding and punishing specific forms of social behavior. The question arises whether this system is a new challenge to the right to privacy. The study, which is supported by literature, sheds light on how novel this thought is. This paper uses the comparative method, normative method, and legal-logical methods of induction and deduction. According to the research, the SCS in basic is a state project. The key distinctions between the SCS and similar systems in Western countries include the impact on individuals, state dependency, punitive policy, the breadth of consequences, and cultural differences. In addition, one of the tools of the SCS in China is ‘shame’, which is focused on maintaining harmonious relations within a society. In the West, the focus is more on the citizens’ rights.

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How to Cite
Domazet, S., Lubura, M., Susak Lozanovska, I., & Ilik, N. (2021). CHINESE SOCIAL CREDIT SYSTEM: NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY?. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 7, 136-148. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA21371136d
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Articles
Author Biographies

Sinisa Domazet, Faculty of security studies, Educons University - Sremska Kamenica, Serbia

Sinisa Domazet is an associate professor at the Faculty of security studies (Educons University, Serbia), with the main interest in Law of data privacy, cyber security, and emergency situations. The author has published several papers in scientific journals and domestic and international conferences related to data privacy, data protection in cyberspace, high-tech crime, and emergency situations. The main areas of interest of the author relate to legal regulations related to emergencies, the law of information technology, as well as the protection of personal data. The author was the coordinator or member of several projects, the most significant of which are: Model of functioning of local self-government in terms of infectious disease (coordinator), ERASMUS +: Improving Academic and Professional Education Capacity in Serbia in the area of Safety & Security (by means of a strategic partnership with the EU) / ImprESS, Model of functioning of local self-government in emergency situations (in case of floods), Factors of re-socialization of convicts as members of vulnerable social groups and their inclusion into contemporary society (coordinator), Emergencies as the factor endangering competitiveness of Vojvodina economy (coordinator), European integrations and social and economic changes in Serbian economy on the way to the EU. He speaks English

Majida Lubura, Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Majida Lubura is 30 years old, third-year PhD student of International law at the Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, with a main interest in Human Rights and thesis “Challenges of protecting Human Rights in the age of information technologies”. She is a Ph. D student in the Human Rights field with 6 years long working experience in different areas (Government, OSCE, ODHIR, law practice, scientific projects, and local administration). Also, she is awarded student by many national and international institutions as (Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Developmentof the Republic of Serbia, „Dositej Obradovic“ - Fund for Young Talents, Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Friedrich Naumann Foundation, René Cassin Foundation, OSCE Mission, European Forum Alpbach, etc.) and she participated in numerous summer schools and Forums in Europe over the years (The one-year educational and leadership program Annual Seminar 2020- Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence, Summer School for PhD Candidates "#FreeMedia4WesternBalkans: Promoting LegalEducation in the field of Media Law, Democratization and the EU accession process" DAAD Project, 49th Summer School in International Human Rights Law "Human Rights Defenders" in Strasbourg 2019., organized by René Cassin Foundation, Friedrich Naumann Foundation International Academy for Leadership (IAF) 2018. "Safeguarding Freedom in the Digital World", in Germany, OSCE Dialogue Academy 2017 in Austria, Summer School for PhD Candidates in Human Rights and EU law harmonization inaccession process (federalization, transition of countries) at the Saarland University, in Germany, European Forum Alpbach 2013 and 2020, a Summer school of European integration, Forum of Diplomacy and International Relations, Programs: “Welcome to Germany 2012” and „Meet Europe in Denmark 2009“, series of seminars organized by the OSCE in Human Rights matter, etc). So far she has two published scientific papers: Right to Abortion in Modern Law and the practice of the European Court of Human Rights in the Foreign Legal Life, Institute for Comparative Law, number 1. for 2021., and The concept of Femicide and significance of its legal regulation in the Foreign Legal Life, Institute for Comparative Law, number 3. for 2017. She has passed the Bar Exam, State Exam for work in state institutionsand she is a certified trainer of the OSCE Missionin the field of gender equality.She has full professional proficiency in the English language, and elementary proficiency in German, French, Spanish and Turkish languages.

Ivona Susak Lozanovska, Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Bitola, North Macedonia

Ivona Susak Lozanovska is 34 years old, PhD in the field of Security Sciences, Assistant professor at the Faculty of Law, University in Bitola, Republic of North Macedonia. Her main topics of interest are criminal law and the corpus of human rights, especially the rights of children. 10 years of work experience in the field of law and criminology, with numerous extracurricular engagements. As part of her professional development, she passed the bar exam and participated in numerous scientific conferences and scientific gatherings in the country and abroad. She has published her papers in foreign scientific journals and participated in the realization of several projects.

Nina Ilik, Institute for Research and European Studies, North Macedonia

Nina Ilik, MA graduated in 2009 and obtained his bachelor’s degree at the University of Skopje (North Macedonia) at the Department of German language and literature. Since her graduation in 2010, she has actively worked as a translator and interpreter in various fields. In 2015, she obtained a master’s degree in German language and literature. Her scientific and research work concerns comparative linguistics in general, European affairs, and International relations. Currently, she works as a Professor of German language and literature at “Josip Broz Tito” high school in Bitola and Researcher at the Institute of Research and European Studies in Bitola. As part of her professional development, Nina Ilik participated in numerous scientific conferences and scientific gatherings in the country and abroad. She has published many papers in international scientific journals and participated in many academic projects. Also, Nina is the winner of the award for the best teacher of German language organized by the Goethe Institute in Skopje and the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in the Republic of North Macedonia for 2019.

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