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Marcin Roman Czubala Ostapiuk
Miguel Ángel Benedicto Solsona


The main objective of this article is to analyze the importance of digital transformation and the funds provided by way of the Next Generation EU (NGEU) plan, taking into account the Spanish case. Through the working hypothesis, it was established that the Iberian country has a wide margin for improvement in the context of digitalization. Likewise, that NGEU forms a key impulse for the recovery from the crisis caused by Covid-19, as well as for the implementation of new digital technologies in Spain. The use of the Digital Economy and Society Index, developed by the European Commission, has allowed us to carry out empirical research. The evaluation of the current situation and the progress of Spain in the field of analysis, as well as the putting it in perspective regarding the rest of the Member States, have been undertaken. Moreover, the Eurostat database has been employed, in addition to the estimations of the Spanish executive exposed through the Digital Agenda 2025, to examine investment in R&D and intangible assets and try to assess the importance of the EU recovery fund for Spain's development and progress in the digitization framework. Finally, the hypothesis and the objectives have been achieved.


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How to Cite
Ostapiuk, M. R. C. ., & Solsona, M. Ángel B. . (2021). NEXT GENERATION EUROPEAN UNION AND THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION: AN OPPORTUNITY FOR SPAIN. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 7, 118-135.
Author Biographies

Marcin Roman Czubala Ostapiuk, National University of Distance Education, Spain

Marcin Roman Czubala Ostapiuk holds PhD in Political Science from the Complutense University of Madrid (Department of Applied, Public and Political Economy). MA in International Politics: Sector and Area Studies (UCM). Graduate in European Studies from the University of Warsaw. Fellow of the University Teacher Training Program (FPU) of the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports of Spain. Extraordinary Doctorate Award. Currently, he holds the position of Lecturer at the Department of Applied Economics (National University of Distance Education). Among his research lines are the political challenges, history, and modernization of the European Union, the Economic and Monetary Union, as well as the economic governance of the EU.

Miguel Ángel Benedicto Solsona, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Miguel Ángel Benedicto Solsona holds PhD in Political Science and Sociology from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). Graduate in Law from the University of Zaragoza, BA in Journalism from the UCM and BA in Political Sciences from the National University of Distance Education (UNED). Currently, he works as an Associate Lecturer at the Faculty of Political Sciences (UCM), in addition to the Comillas Pontifical University and the European University of Madrid. His research interests are Foreign and Security Policy, as well as Communication policies of the European Union.

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