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Rafal Lukasiewicz
Angelo Viglianisi Ferraro


The Russian Federation is one of the few jurisdictions where recipients and gamete donors have a wide scope of choice between anonymous, identifiable, and known donations. This paper examines how the Russian law regulates this sphere and how it is applied in practice basing on data collected in the largest reproductive cells bank in Russia. It demonstrates that the Russian Federation should be regarded as a country in which there is no single dominant approach to the matter of donor anonymity. The assessment of this ‘freedom of choice’ is not unambiguous. It gives recipients and donors the right to decide which option is the most suitable for their needs and motivations, simultaneously not resolving which values take precedence over others. The donor-conceived persons’ right to disclose donor’s identifying data sometimes may conflict with the donor’s right to protect their privacy and usually, jurisdictions decide which one has the priority.   


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How to Cite
Lukasiewicz, R., & Viglianisi Ferraro, A. . (2021). ANONYMITY AND OPENNESS IN GAMETE DONATION: THE RUSSIAN POLICY ON THE THIRD-PARTY REPRODUCTION. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 7(3), 267-279.
Author Biographies

Rafal Lukasiewicz, University of Rzeszów, Poland

Rafal Lukasiewicz is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Legal Studies of the University of Rzeszow (Poland). He defended his Ph.D. dissertation at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan (Poland). Author and editor of three monographs and co-author of three text books. Published over twenty journal articles and book chapters. He was guest lecturer at the Catholic University of Valencia ‘San Vincente Martir’ (2015), the "Pablo de Olavide" University in Sevilla (2016), the University "Mediterranea" of Reggio di Calabria (2018 and 2019), the National University of Ivan Franko in Lviv (2019), the Masaryk University in Brno (2019), the Charles University in Prague (2019), the Waseda University in Tokyo (2019), the Chuo University in Tokyo (2019), the Takasaki City University of Economics (2019). Monitoring Visitor at the Complutense University of Madrid (2019), Job Shadowing Visitor at the Russian Social State University in Moscow (2020) and Honorary Senior Research Assistant at the University of Liverpool (2021). Speaker at over twenty international and national conferences.

Angelo Viglianisi Ferraro, University “Meditarranea” of Reggio Calabria, Italy

Angelo Viglianisi Ferraro is an Aggregate Professor of Private Law and the Erasmus Coordinator at the Department of Law, Economics and Humanities of the "Mediterranea" University of Reggio Calabria, where he also acts as the Head of the "Mediterranea International Centre for Human Rights Research" ( and the Director of an International LLM in European Private Law. He has been a speaker at conferences, seminars or round tables, in Italy and abroad. He is the author of numerous peer reviewed articles on civil liability, consumer law, antitrust law, family law, and fundamental rights.