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Ivona Shushak Lozanovska
Vesna Shapkoski


The international community has significantly increased its focus on the improvement of justice systems around the world, in recent years. With the increase in effort and interventions in the sector, there has been a need to create tools to assess justice systems, to identify the main elements affecting the workings of the justice machinery. In a context of increasing interest and engagement in justice systems reform, the ability of citizens to access justice institutions to address their needs has come to be seen as an essential element of development, human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. The Republic of North Macedonia has been dedicated in a certain amount to improving the access to justice following these global trends. However, the pandemic has brought to the surface many obstacles in the realization of these efforts and imposed serious issues that need to be further solved. In this paper, we will elaborate on the present situation in North Macedonia from the personal experience of law clinics and civil society organizations that work and contribute closely on this issue. Furthermore, we will identify particular points that need to be advanced and relevant stakeholders to be engaged, to improve the situation, and bring justice closer to everyone.


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How to Cite
Shushak Lozanovska , Ivona, and Vesna Shapkoski. 2021. “ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN THE TIME OF PANDEMIC: FUNCTIONING OF LEGAL AID FORMS IN NORTH MACEDONIA ”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 7 (1):70-78.
Author Biographies

Ivona Shushak Lozanovska , Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” – Bitola, North Macedonia

Ivona Shushak Lozanovska completed her PhD studies in 2020 at the Faculty of Security in Skopje and completed her undergraduate and master studies at the Faculty of Law "Iustinianus Primus" - Skopje. Ivona Shushak Lozanovska has been part of the team of the Faculty of Law-University St. KlimentOhridski – Bitola for many years, currently as an assistant professor in the scientific field "Criminology" and "Juvenile Delinquency". As part of her professional development, she passed the bar exam and participated in numerous scientific conferences and scientific gatherings in the country and abroad. She has published her papers in foreign scientific journals and participated in the realization of several projects.

Vesna Shapkoski , Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” – Bitola, North Macedonia

Vesna Shapkoski is a PhD student of the Faculty of Law at “St. Kliment Ohridski” University in Bitola (North Macedonia), at the International Law and International Politics study program. She holds a BA of law and an MA in business law. Her particular interests of scientific research include the European Union, foreign and security policy, protection of fundamental rights and access to justice. She is also an experienced NGO activist in the area of legal empowerment and access to justice of citizens from the marginalized communities. As such, she has been part of numerous trainings, workshops and courses in the area of human rights, legal empowerment, advocacy and European policies.