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Angelina Stanojoska
Goran Ilik


Starting the COVID-19 pandemic, physical and social distancing, besides wearing masks and frequent use of disinfectant, was and still is the most important preventive measure in stopping the spreading of the new coronavirus. Penitentiary institutions, especially the crowded ones, became a hard place to manage in stopping the infections. Why? Because these institutions are the ones where there is even more need to balance health protection with human rights. Using medical isolation and quarantine in the process of prevention of infections with SARS-CoV-2 virus, is complicated as result of the use of punitive solitary confinement as disciplinary sanction. The paper analyses the possible methods of protection of prisoners’ health during COVID-19 pandemic with parallel protection and respect of their basic and guaranteed human rights.


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How to Cite
Stanojoska, Angelina, and Goran Ilik. 2020. “PENITENTIARY INSTITUTIONS AND COVID-19: HOW TO STOP THE VIRUS AND GUARANTEE HUMAN RIGHTS?”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 6 (November):80-92.
Author Biographies

Angelina Stanojoska, Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Bitola, North Macedonia

Angelina Stanojoska, PhD is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, “St. KlimentOhridski” University – Bitola, Republic of North Macedonia. She graduated at the Police Academy - Skopje (2008), obtained her MSc in Criminology and Criminalistics at the Faculty of Security - Skopje (2011) and her PhD in Security Sciences also at the Faculty of Security - Skopje (2014). During 2016 she received staff mobility grant from the Erasmus Mundus Basileus V Program and used her mobility at the Faculty of Law, Lund University. From May 2018 she continued her postdoctoral research in the area of female criminality at the Max Planck Institute for Crime, Security and Law, Department of Criminology. Her expertise is in the area of criminology, especially female criminality, violent crimes and human trafficking. The latest researches she has conducted are directed towards the analysis of the Agnew’s General Strain Theory and female criminals and inmates which has won the Young Criminologists Award from UNODC and ISC in 2019; and strain and negative emotions in connection to murders committed by women.


Goran Ilik, Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Bitola, North Macedonia

Dr. Goran Ilik is an associate professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at “St. Kliment Ohridski” University in Bitola (North Macedonia). The academic background includes BA in Law (International Law and International Relations), MA in Political Science (European Union Studies) and PhD in Political Science with the specific interest in the European Union foreign, security and defense policy. The publication list contains papers, chapters and monographs emphasizing the role of the European Union in the international relations, the institutional architecture of its foreign policy, the EU axiological performances and its international political power. Also, many papers treat the EU role in the new international context in relation to the contemporary challenges of the liberal world order and the EU’s role and place in it. He is author of the books: “Europe at the crossroads: The Treaty of Lisbon as a basis of European Union international identity” and “EUtopia: the international political power of the EU in the process of ideeologization of the post-American world”. Also, since October 2019 he has been engaged as an expert in the project ANETREC which is focused on academic cooperation and post-conflict reconciliation in the region (6 academic partners from different WB countries).