The Changing Conceptual Landscape of the Russian War in Ukraine (2014-Present) and Syria (2011-Present)

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Piotr Pietrzak


The main goal of this paper is to present and compare the main developments in the Russian wars in Ukraine and Syria by considering the main patterns, parallels, and changing trajectories that could shed more light onto both of these war zones, which are highly interlinked due to Russia’s leading role in both. It analytically, comparatively, and contemplatively approaches those developments by highlighting multiple similarities and the main differences in global responses to these conflicts. Both conflicts should be seen as highly unpredictable, dynamic, and unnecessarily extended asymmetric proxy wars in which global powers test their new military doctrines and their competitors' responses to their unconventional actions and other unsolicited and indirect interferences in the local dynamism of both wars. Unlike in Syria, the Ukrainian war zone is wholly transformative and ready for the adoption of partial hybridization and the utilization of the new software-defined warfare in combination with conventional weapons. 


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Pietrzak, Piotr. 2024. “The Changing Conceptual Landscape of the Russian War in Ukraine (2014-Present) and Syria (2011-Present)”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 10 (2):152-70.
Author Biography

Piotr Pietrzak, In Statu Nascendi - Think Tank, Sofia, Bulgaria

Piotr Pietrzak, Ph.D., is a co-founder of In Statu Nascendi Think Tank, a non-partisan, independent, and highly diversified network of scholars organized to study a contemporary conflict and political philosophy that provides advice and ideas on specific issues related to geo-economic and political, or socio-economic problems. He immerses himself in geopolitics every day. As a political thinker, author, and trained ontologist, he takes pride in infusing a pragmatic perspective into IR theory, conflict management, and geopolitics. He is also the author of On the Idea of Humanitarian Intervention: A New Compartmentalization of IR Theories (2021), editor of Dealing with Regional Conflicts of Global Importance (2024), & Analyzing Global Responses to Contemporary Regional Conflicts (2024), & Exploring the Implications of Local and Regional Conflicts (2024).