Control of Irregular Migration and Suppression of People Smuggling on the Western Balkan Route

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Bojan Jankovic
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3872-3090
Sasa Markovic
Aleksandar Ivanov
https://orcid.org/0009-0006-3996-7034

Abstract

The subject of this paper is irregular migration and modern models of preventing the smuggling of migrants on the part of the Western Balkan route through the Republic of Serbia. The goal is to show how the new strategic approach of the Serbian police in this area can give excellent results, that the application of modern methods of policing and technical means are aimed at preventing the smuggling of migrants, i.e., the illegal movement and transport of migrants across the state border and state territory to go to countries of the European Union. Based on the conducted research, the authors have drawn certain conclusions: 1) effectiveness, efficiency, and economy in the area of suppression of irregular migration can be achieved by applying an adequate criminal strategy, 2) the new strategic approach led to the discovery and arrest of a large number of people smugglers and the discovery of illegal firearms, 3) the use of modern technical means, coordinated, joint work of different police units and management from a single center by a strategic level manager directly in charge of combating irregular migration and human smuggling in a particular area (territory) which is estimated to be a hotspot of criminal activity, is a prerequisite for success. 

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How to Cite
Jankovic, Bojan, Sasa Markovic, and Aleksandar Ivanov. 2024. “Control of Irregular Migration and Suppression of People Smuggling on the Western Balkan Route”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 10 (2):119-36. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA24102119j.
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Articles
Author Biographies

Bojan Jankovic, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies - Belgrade, Serbia

Bojan Jankovic, LLD, is an Associate professor at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. Bojan Jankovic graduated from the Police Academy in Belgrade in 1999. He completed his Specialist Academic Studies at the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies in 2009 and his LL.D at the Faculty of Law, University in Kragujevac. From 1999 to 2010, he was employed at the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia. Since 2010, he has been working at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, and his present position is Associate Professor for the subjects of Police tactics and Tactics of special purpose police units.

Sasa Markovic, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies - Belgrade, Serbia

Sasa Markovic, LLD, is an Associate professor at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. Sasa Markovic graduated from the Police Academy in Belgrade in 1998. 2010, he obtained a Magister degree from the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies in Belgrade. He earned a PhD in 2016 with the thesis “The role of police in detecting and proving domestic violence” Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade. Since 1998 he has been working at the Ministry of Interior. He is currently employed as Assistant Head of the Border Police Directorate of the Ministry of Interior. Since 2016, he has been employed at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. His present position at this University is Associate Professor at the Department of Criminalistics for the subject of Criminal Strategy.

Aleksandar Ivanov, Faculty of Security - Skopje, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Bitola, North Macedonia

Associate Professor at the University "St. Kliment Ohridski" - Bitola, Faculty of Security - Skopje, has been actively involved in research and international projects for 15 years. With a focus on Environmental Protection, International Relations, Civil Protection, and Human Security, he has published over 40 research papers and 1 scientific monograph. Over the course of his ten-year career, he has expanded his contributions, publishing 2 additional scientific monographs, reviewing over 30 scientific papers in national journals and publications related to security, science, and police, as well as in international journals/proceedings. Furthermore, he has actively participated in over 50 national and international scientific conferences.