THE REFUGEE CRISIS, BREXIT AND THE RISE OF POPULISM: MAJOR OBSTACLES TO THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION PROCESS

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Valeri Modebadze

Abstract

This article describes the main challenges that the European Union is facing over the last years. It also analyzes the European Integration process and the emergence of the European Union. European integration process began after the Second World War. European politicians realized that ‘the old continent’, which was destroyed and razed to the ground, needed unification in order to play a more important role in the bipolar international system. The European integration was a step by step process, which reached its culmination after signing the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 when the European Union was formally established. The European Union created a very favorable ground for free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market.  Despite these positive developments, new threats emerged over the last years that can put an end to the European integration process.  From these threats and challenges, particular attention is dedicated to Britain’s exit from the European Union (Brexit), the rise of radicalism and populist parties, the migration crisis, and a heightened terrorism threat.

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How to Cite
Modebadze, V. (2020). THE REFUGEE CRISIS, BREXIT AND THE RISE OF POPULISM: MAJOR OBSTACLES TO THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION PROCESS. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 5(1), 86-95. Retrieved from https://e-jlia.com/index.php/jlia/article/view/145
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Author Biography

Valeri Modebadze, Saint Andrew the First-Called University of the Patriarchate of Georgia - Tbilisi, Georgia

Valeri Modebadze - Professor of International Relations and Politics, Doctor of Social Sciences was born in 1977 in Tbilisi.In 1998 - 2001 He studied at the University of Wolverhampton. In 2001 he graduated from the University of Wolverhampton, from the faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences, and was awarded Bachelor's degree in Politics & German & Spanish.In 2002 - 2003 He did Master in Social Sciences at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. In 2003 he earned his master's degree in Social Sciences (Society and Politics).In 2002 - 2007 He studied Law at Sokhumi State University and earned his bachelor degree in jurisprudence.In 2006 -2010 He did PhD in Social Sciences at International Black Sea University and defended his PhD thesis successfully. In 2010 He was awarded Doctor's Degree in Social Sciences (International Relations and Politics).Valeri Modebadze has an extensive experience of working at various universities as a lecturer and teaching students various courses in Social Sciences. He has worked at the following universities as a lecturer and Professor of International Relations and Politics: Teaching University of International Relations, American University for Humanities, University of Georgia, Euroregional Teaching University, International Black Sea University, The Saint Ilia Martali Tbilisi National University. In 2010-2011 He held the position of the Dean of the Faculty of Business and Management at the Teaching University of International Relations. He has also experience of working at various international organizations and companies that are operating in Georgia. Currently, Valeri Modebadze works at Saint Andrew the First-Called University of the Patriarchate of Georgia and Caucasus international University. He is an educational program supervisor of international relations and regional processes and Lecturer of International Relations and Politics. Throughout his career as a university lecturer he delivered lectures at different subjects of Political Science and International Relations, such as Introduction to Politics, International Organizations, International Relations, Negotiations and conflict resolution, Comparative Politics, Public Policy, Political Ideologies, History of International Relations, Geopolitics, the role of NATO in international relations, The role of European Institutions in the International Security System, Foreign Policy Decision Making and International Relations Theory. He has published so far 5 books and 40 scientific articles at different prestigious journals. Currently, he is writing a textbook with the title "Foreign Policy Decision Making".

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