RECONSIDERING THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN CONFLICT AND SECURITY CONCERNS IN AFRICA

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Ndifon Neji
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1869-2511
Immaculata Obaji-Akpet
Michael Otu
Joseph Ebegbulem
Samuel Edet
https://orcid.org/0009-0001-6671-997X
Ayuk Awunghe
Nwosu Stanley

Abstract

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022 triggered a conflict that has transformed international relations through drastic impacts on policymaking, energy politics, and alliances. Such impacts have produced severe multi-dimensional consequences for African countries that have yet to be sufficiently interrogated in the literature. In response to this gap, this paper examined the security implications of the conflict for African countries to offer a comprehensive analysis that considers the intersection of the conflict with contemporary economic, human, social, and political issues confronting Africa. In discourse using a qualitative approach and rooted in a theoretical perspective drawn from the Copenhagen School, the paper underlined the security implications as evident in the areas of food security and governance, buttressing that the proxy conflicts and power struggles associated with this war have exacerbated existing challenges related to food availability and interfered with the consolidation of democracy in Africa. The paper concluded that the war’s multi-dimensional impact potentially compounds political instability vectors. It generates dynamics capable of eroding social cohesion and fomenting social unrest in Africa, meriting its designation as an issue of great concern to African policymakers.

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How to Cite
Neji, Ndifon, Immaculata Obaji-Akpet, Michael Otu, Joseph Ebegbulem, Samuel Edet, Ayuk Awunghe, and Nwosu Stanley. 2024. “RECONSIDERING THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN CONFLICT AND SECURITY CONCERNS IN AFRICA”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 10 (1):233-51. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA24101246n.
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Author Biographies

Ndifon Neji, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Obi Ndifon Neji is a lecturer, professional mediator, researcher, and Peace and Conflict Studies Programme coordinator at the University of Calabar Department of Political Science. He earned a Ph.D. and M.A. in Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Ibadan and a B.Sc. in Political Science from Calabar. He holds five professional peace and conflict management certifications from the United States Institute of Peace and Peace Operations Training Institute, USA. He is a fellow of the Society for Peace Studies and Practice (SPSP), a fellow of the International Academy for Gender and Peace (IAGP), and a fellow of the Institute for Human and Natural Resources (IHNR). He specializes in Alternative Dispute Resolution, Peacekeeping, civil society organization, election and conflict, etc. He is a member of the Nigeria Political Science Association and the Global Alliance for Ministries and Infrastructure for Peace (GAMIP) and has published in reputable journals.

Immaculata Obaji-Akpet, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Obaji-Akpet Immaculata Ofu holds a doctorate in political science from the University of Calabar, a master's degree from the University of Lagos, and a first degree from the University of Maiduguri. She is a brilliant scholar who is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Science, University of Calabar. Her area of specialization is international relations, with a focus on economic development, gender studies, and policy analysis. She is an advocate for girls' and children's rights to quality education. She has attended numerous conferences and is a member of several professional organizations, including the Nigerian Political Science Association (NPSA), the Society for Peace Studies and Practice (SPSP), and the Forum for African Women Educationalists (Nigeria) FAWE.

Michael Otu, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Dr. Michael Takim Otu is Chairman of the Faculty of Law, Post-Graduate Committee and Associate Professor of Law and former Head of the Department of Commercial & Industrial Law at the University of Calabar, Nigeria. He studied in Nigeria and received degrees in B.Ed (Hons.), LL.B (Hons.), PGDM, and MBA from the University of Calabar. After being called to the Nigerian Bar, he earned an LL.M. from the University of Uyo in Akwa Ibom State. He acquired his Ph.D. in law from the University of Abuja. Dr. Otu is a Supreme Court of Nigeria solicitor and advocate. After lecturing at Cross River State University of Technology, Calabar (CRUTECH), he joined the University of Calabar Law Faculty in 2008 and has lectured there ever since. He has published reputable articles in impact factor journals and a Textbook on Customary Land Law in Nigeria: Law and Practice. He is happily married with children.

Joseph Ebegbulem, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Dr Joseph Ebegbulem is a Senior Lecturer and immediate past Head of the Department of Political Science, University of Calabar. He has a bachelor's degree in Political Science from Alabama State University and a master's degree in International Relations from the City College of the City University of New York, all in the United States of America. He also holds a PhD degree in International Relations from Ebonyi State University in Nigeria. Before joining the University of Calabar as a Lecturer, Dr Ebegbulem taught at various times in New York and Lagos. He has over 50 publications in reputable local and international journals. He is also the author of 2 well-researched textbooks on Government and International Relations. Dr Ebegbulem is happily married with children.

Samuel Edet, University of Birmingham, England, United Kingdom

Samuel Edet is a Commonwealth Scholar pursuing a master's in international development at the University of Birmingham in England. His primary focus is exploring the interconnections between conflict, security, and development. Samuel's research delves into structural violence, peacebuilding, and human security. His academic journey began at the University of Calabar, where he earned a bachelor’s degree in political science in 2021. Since then, he has participated in collaborative research projects with faculty members at his alma mater, consistently highlighting the roles of actors, institutions, and social processes across Africa and the world.

Ayuk Awunghe, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Ayuk, Awunghe Achu hails from Cross River State, Nigeria. He had his primary, secondary, and tertiary education from Nigerian schools. He is a qualified public administrator, social worker, sociologist, and criminologist. Currently, he is with the University of Calabar, Nigeria where he lectures in the Department of Sociology. His research interests/areas include the sociology of law, crime and delinquency, political sociology, penology, the military, and the state and criminal justice system. He is dedicated, unassuming, and committed to serving humanity.

Nwosu Stanley, University of Calabar, Nigeria

In addition to his role as head of operations at the Mary Slessor branch of Zenith Bank Plc in Calabar, Stanley is a member of the Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria and a research fellow at the Department of Criminology University of Calabar.