THE CHALLENGES OF NORMALIZING RELATIONS BETWEEN BELGRADE AND PRISTINA: IMPLICATIONS OF THE "AGREEMENT ON THE PATH TO NORMALIZATION"

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Mihajlo Vucic
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0064-4987
Dragan Djukanovic
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0298-0164

Abstract

The article analyzes the process of normalizing relations between Belgrade and Pristina after adopting the Agreement on the Path to Normalization. The analytical framework of neorealism was used to explain that the normalization process was accelerated due to the war crisis in Eastern Europe. The international legal aspects of the agreement were scrutinized, based on the method of content analysis and comparative studies, to argue that the agreement is a legally binding treaty between two sides that respect each other’s international legal personality. The authors concluded that the European Union and the United States attempted to create new momentum in the decade-long and rather unsuccessful process by adopting the Agreement and the Annex on implementation. Thus, these documents were put in the context of relations between Belgrade and Pristina and broader European and regional levels of complex relations. In addition, the analysis concluded that the documents serve as new impulses in normalization as a continuous legal formalization of relations between the two sides based on international legal rules. 

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How to Cite
Vucic, Mihajlo, and Dragan Djukanovic. 2024. “THE CHALLENGES OF NORMALIZING RELATIONS BETWEEN BELGRADE AND PRISTINA: IMPLICATIONS OF THE "AGREEMENT ON THE PATH TO NORMALIZATION"”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 10 (1):20-36. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA24101022v.
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Articles
Author Biographies

Mihajlo Vucic, Institute of International Politics and Economics - Belgrade, Serbia

Mihajlo Vucic is a senior research fellow at the Institute of International Politics and Economics (IIPE), a full professor at the Faculty of Diplomacy and Security, University of Belgrade, and a visiting professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Sarajevo. He obtained a Ph.D. in international law at the Faculty of Law University of Belgrade and an LL.M. in international law at the University of Cambridge. He published several books and over 30 articles and participated in numerous research projects. His fields of interest include public international law and the EU law.

Dragan Djukanovic, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Dragan Djukanovic is a full professor in the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Belgrade (International Relations Department). He was a full-time Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of International Politics and Economics, Belgrade, and its deputy director (2015-2017). He was an Editor-in-Chief of the Medjunarodna politika (2008-2017), president of the Center for Foreign Policy (2018-2024), and former vice president of the International Relations Forum of the European Movement in Serbia (2015-2018). His fields of interest are multilateral and bilateral relations in the regions of Western Balkans and Southeastern Europe and the foreign policy of Serbia and its neighbors.