CHINA’S STRATEGIC PRESENCE IN EAST AFRICAN PORTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIAN OCEAN SECURITY

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Sharmistha Hazra
Pranav Bhaskar

Abstract

This paper examines how China’s presence in the East African seaports has created a threat to the Indian Ocean’s security. In particular, the research empirically analyses whether China’s growing activities in the Western Indian Ocean along the East African coast have dismantled the security architecture of the Indo-Pacific. This paper aims to understand the responses of India and her allies in containing China’s rise in the region. The paper has taken three East African ports, Dar es Salaam, Lamu, and Doraleh port of Djibouti, as a case study to examine how Chinese presence in these three ports could dismantle the security architecture of Indo-Pacific in the Western Indian Ocean region. The paper demonstrates that the present competition of power projection in the Indian Ocean is a power maximization strategy for the national security of each state. Using primary and secondary data available on China, India, and other states’ policies and activities, the study finds that it is a policy failure of the Indo-Pacific, accelerating China’s rise in the region. However, the Indo-Pacific partners are revamping their policies to check China’s rise in the Indian Ocean region.

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How to Cite
Hazra, Sharmistha, and Pranav Bhaskar. 2023. “CHINA’S STRATEGIC PRESENCE IN EAST AFRICAN PORTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIAN OCEAN SECURITY”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (3):501-17. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2393615h.
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Author Biographies

Sharmistha Hazra, School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gujarat, India

Sharmistha Hazra is a PhD candidate in Politics and International Relations at the School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Energy University, situated in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. Her research interests revolve around the exploration of India's foreign policy and the politics of South Asia.

Pranav Bhaskar, School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Energy University, Gujarat, India

Pranav Bhaskar is pursuing a PhD in Politics and International Relations at the School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Energy University in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. His research focuses on exploring the politics of South Asia and the United States.