POLITICAL PARTY PREFERENCES ON LOCAL ELECTION IN INDONESIA: HOW DOES RATIONAL CHOICE INSTITUTIONALISM WORK IN CANDIDATE SELECTION?

Main Article Content

Syafhendry
https://orcid.org/0009-0005-8318-9295
Andi Luhur Prianto
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2828-3981
Nina Yuslaini
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0008-1026

Abstract

The rational choice institutionalism approach provides insight into political parties’ personal and institutional preferences in determining their strategic and technical-operational decisions. Institutional and personal preferences in political parties have shaped rational choices in selecting regional head candidates. Political party preferences provide rational choices based on the values they believe have shaped political responses to individuals and institutions. This study will examine selecting mayor and deputy mayor candidates in regional head elections. This study maps the preferences of political parties in determining their rational choices. The qualitative research method involves field interviews, online media analysis, and the examination of social media data. The data processing includes content analysis conducted using NVivo 12 Plus software. The study results indicate that political parties as political institutions are very centralized and pragmatic in determining the results of selecting regional head candidates. There are variations in the types of preferences of political parties in the candidates, namely systemic, practical, and normative preferences. Internal regulations support systemic preferences, practical preferences are determined by party procedures, directors, and selection criteria, and normative preferences are based on political parties’ ideology, values, and goals. Normative preferences will only become mainstream in the candidacy of political parties if party ideology strengthens and the candidate selection mechanism is transformed into a democracy-based selection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Syafhendry, Andi Luhur Prianto, and Nina Yuslaini. 2023. “POLITICAL PARTY PREFERENCES ON LOCAL ELECTION IN INDONESIA: HOW DOES RATIONAL CHOICE INSTITUTIONALISM WORK IN CANDIDATE SELECTION?”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (3):74-97. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2393063h.
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Syafhendry, Departement of Government Science, Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia

The Associate Professor at the Department of Government Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Riau Islamic University, Indonesia, currently serves as the Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs at Riau Islamic University. He earned his bachelor's degree in political science and government from Riau Islamic University (UIR), followed by a master's degree in Political Science from Gajah Mada University (UGM) in Indonesia, and a doctoral degree in Government Studies from Universiti Utara Malaysia. His expertise is reflected in his published book, titled "Voter Behavior: Theory and Practice" (2016). Additionally, since 2016, he has served as an assessor for the National Accreditation Board for Higher Education (BAN-PT).

Andi Luhur Prianto, Departement of Government Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia

Andi Luhur Prianto currently holds the position of Vice-Dean for Academic and Cooperation Affairs at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia. He has a notable history of service, having previously held the position of Head of the Department of Government Studies from 2009 to 2018. His research interests span a range of topics, including democratic institutionalization, political parties, elections, governance, religion and politics, digital society, climate change governance, and democratic institutions. Additionally, he has received recognition as a member of the Political Science Association of Kasetsart University, Thailand.

Nina Yuslaini, Departement of Government Science, Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia

Nina Yuslaini is an Assistant Professor in Government Science at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Riau Islamic University, Indonesia. She holds an academic background with a BA and MA in Political Science and Government and is currently pursuing a PhD program in Government Science. Her research interests span various aspects, including local elections and democracy, local politics, government strategy, village government, and sustainable governance. Notably, her most recent paper, titled "Palm Oil Industry and Investment Development in Dumai City, Indonesia: A Focus on Local Economy Development and Sustainability," has been recently published in Cogent: Social Sciences (Scopus Q2).