SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TRUST AND POLICE PRESENCE IN SCHOOLS: IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOL SAFETY POLICY

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Bojan Jankovic
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3872-3090
Vladimir M. Cvetkovic
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3450-0658
Zvonimir Ivanovic
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1101-6169
Aleksandar Ivanov
https://orcid.org/0009-0006-3996-7034
Svetlana Jovanovic
Bozidar Otasevic

Abstract

The study aims to determine the trust and presence of police officers in schools in Serbia, as well as the perception of the principals and secretaries, teachers and staff, parents, and students on how successful the specific police units dedicated to schools were in fulfilling their tasks. The ex-post analysis was conducted through PEST/SWAT analysis, mapping the key actors and using batteries of online questionnaires, besides interviews with the MOI representatives, surveyed with personal interviewing, computer-aided surveying, desk analysis, and content analysis. The survey was conducted from September 2021 to June 2022. The research methods were implemented in 1140 schools in Serbia, and 8,617 people were included in surveys: police officers (308); principals and secretaries (1085); the team for protection against discrimination (982); teachers and staff (2988); parents (938) and students (2316). The relationships between the covariates and perception were investigated using the t-test, one-way ANOVA, multivariate linear regression, and binary regression. The results showed that a project of school police officers was not fully recognized as one of the strategically essential instruments for safe schools; trust is low, but presence is high. Besides that, the results suggest that the entire public believes that police are needed in schools and that it positively affects school safety. Regarding school safety policy, it is necessary to undertake three measures for the sustainable development of trust and the presence of police in school: regulatory, informative-educational, and institutional-organizational. 

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How to Cite
Jankovic, Bojan, Vladimir M. Cvetkovic, Zvonimir Ivanovic, Aleksandar Ivanov, Svetlana Jovanovic, and Bozidar Otasevic. 2023. “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TRUST AND POLICE PRESENCE IN SCHOOLS: IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOL SAFETY POLICY”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (3):22-52. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2393022j.
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Articles
Author Biographies

Bojan Jankovic, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies - Belgrade, Serbia

Bojan Jankovic, LLD, is Associate professor at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. Bojan Jankovic graduated from the Police Academy in Belgrade in 1999. He completed his Specialist Academic Studies at the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies in 2009, and LL.D at the Faculty of Law, University in Kragujevac. In the period from 1999 to 2010 he was employed at the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia. Since 2010 he has been working at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, and his present position is Associate professor for the subjects Police tactics and Tactic of special purpose police units.

Vladimir M. Cvetkovic, Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade, Serbia; Scientific-Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management, Belgrade, Serbia

Vladimir M. Cvetkovic is the Associate Professor (Disaster Risk Management) at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Security. He has dedicated 15 years to research in the field of disaster studies, with a prolific output of over 250 research papers and 20 scientific monographs. Additionally, he is the founder of the Scientific Professional Society for Disaster Risk Management in Serbia, the International Institute for Disaster Research, and serves as the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Disaster Risk Management.

Zvonimir Ivanovic, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies - Belgrade, Serbia

Zvonimir Ivanovic, LLD, is a full professor at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. He earned his LL.D at the Faculty of Law, University in Kragujevac. From 2002 to 2005, he served at the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia. Since 2005, he has been affiliated with the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, currently holding the position of full professor for the subjects of Criminalistics.

Aleksandar Ivanov, Faculty of Security - Skopje, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Bitola, North Macedonia

Associate Professor at the University "St. Kliment Ohridski" - Bitola, Faculty of Security - Skopje, has been actively involved in research and international projects for 15 years. With a focus on Environmental Protection, International Relations, Civil Protection, and Human Security, he has published over 40 research papers and 1 scientific monograph. Over the course of his ten-year career, he has expanded his contributions, publishing 2 additional scientific monographs, reviewing over 30 scientific papers in national journals and publications related to security, science, and police, as well as in international journals/proceedings. Furthermore, he has actively participated in over 50 national and international scientific conferences.

Svetlana Jovanovic, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia

As an assistant at Belgrade's Faculty of Organizational Sciences, Svetlana Jovanovic is engaged in the fields of computer and cyber law, computer and cyber forensics, electronic business, and electronic administration. Her responsibilities include organizing and leading the activities of the Academic Cyber Forum, an organization that focuses on phenomena related to cyberspace. One of her tasks is to lecture at professional training programs for teachers. She serves as a senior adviser in the Unit for the Implementation of Strategic Projects in the Cabinet of the President of the Government of Serbia, where she is responsible for the introduction of electronic services and the development of e-government. She graduated from the Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Belgrade in 2006. Her doctoral dissertation is in the field of cybercrime. Svetlana is the author of numerous works and monographs in the areas of personal data protection and the exercise of other rights on the Internet.

Bozidar Otasevic, University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies - Belgrade, Serbia

Bozidar Otasevic, LLD, is an Associate Professor at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade. He graduated from the Police Academy in Belgrade in 1998 and later completed his LL.D at the Faculty of Law, University in Kragujevac. From 2000 to 2018, he was employed at the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia. Since 2018, he has been working at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, holding the position of Associate Professor for the subjects of Criminalistics.