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Sabiha Shala
Gentiana Gega
Emirjeta Berisha


International and national legislation guarantees the right to employment and education for every citizen, including members of non-majority communities. As a multi-ethnic state, Kosovo has very advanced legislation to guarantee access to employment and education for members of its non-majority communities. This study aimed to examine the actual level of enforcement of these two rights by members of non-majority communities. Relevant scientific works, local and international legislation, and statistical data on the level of access to the labor market and the education system of non-majority communities in Kosovo were consulted for this study. The research results show that access to the labor market and the education system varies across communities and has not continuously increased in 2015-2021. The situation has particularly affected the RAE community, which has the highest percentage of unemployment (over 90%) and the lowest access to pre-university education (below 5%). Therefore, this article recommends that relevant stakeholders take measures to ensure the proper enforcement of access to employment and education rights for non-majority communities in Kosovo.    


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How to Cite
Shala, Sabiha, Gentiana Gega, and Emirjeta Berisha. 2023. “THE NON-MAJORITY COMMUNITIES’ RIGHTS IN KOSOVO: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RIGHT TO EMPLOYMENT AND EDUCATION”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (2):531-49.
Author Biographies

Sabiha Shala, University of Haxhi Zeka, Peje, Kosovo

Sabiha Shala teaches International and European Law, Human Rights, and at the same time served as Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs and Research at the University of “Haxhi Zeka” Peja, Kosovo. She was also a part-time professor at the European School of Law and Governance and the College of Business. Formerly, Shala served as Chief Executive Officer of the Agency for European Integration at the Kosovo Prime Minister's Office and worked with several international organizations: EU, UNHCR, UNDP, and OSCE. She obtained a Ph.D in Law in France. Her research interests include international public law, human rights, and gender equality.

Gentiana Gega, University of Haxhi Zeka, Peje, Kosovo

Dr. Sc. Gentiana Gega, teaches economic subjects in the Law Faculty at the University "Haxhi Zeka", Peja, since 2016. She completed her Bachelor studies in Bank, Finance and Accounting from the AAB-RIINVEST College and Master in Finance and Accounting from the University “Haxhi Zeka” in Peja, Kosovo. She was a tutor student at the Faculty of Economics at AAB-RIINVEST College for two years. Gentiana has a doctorate in Economic Sciences at Saint Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. In the past she was part of the member of Senate of the University "Haxhi Zeka". While currently, she is a board member at University "Haxhi Zeka", Kosovo. Her research are is economic, labour market, ect.

Emirjeta Berisha, Independent Researcher, Kosovo

Emirjeta Berisha graduated from the Faculty of Law, General Legal Department at the Public University "Haxhi Zeka" in Peja, Kosovo. She has also completed master's level studies in the joint program "Democratic Society and Local Government" at the Faculty of Law at Haxhi Zeka University, Kadri Zeka University and Ukshin Hoti University. She works in the justice sector and is interested in research on gender equality, minority rights. etc.