ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
 
 
Denica Yotova
 
 
 
Denica Yotova is currently a Programmes Coordinator at ECFR, supporting the organization in managing the activities of ECFR’s programmes. Her research interests are mainly focused on Europe and the integration processes. Part of them are also collective identity formation, nationalism, multiculturalism, globalization, federalism, migration, EU-Russia and EU-Turkey relations. Denica has a Master degree in European and International Studies from Centre de international formation européenne - C.I.F.E., France, and a Master in National Security and Defence in the Bulgarian National Defense Academy “G.S.Rakovski”. She obtained a Bachelor degree in Cultural Studies from Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”. Denica has also studied Mass Communication in Georgia College & State University, USA, as part of the Bulgarian Young Leaders Program by the International Institute of Education and “America for Bulgaria” Foundation with a full scholarship.
 
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Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | Vol. 3, Supp. 1 | July 2017
 
 
 
NEW FORMS OF COLLECTIVE IDENTITY IN EUROPE
Denica Yotova
 
 
 
 
Abstract
 
This article suggests an answer to the question of national identity and belonging to nation-states in an avant-garde Europe. In other words, it examines: what might the avant-garde of national identity in Europe in the XXI century be; will nationalities and simple belonging to nation-states be sufficient for Europeans; what is the vitality and the potential of pan-European identity to fill the gaps of national identity; and how the two strains of belonging relate to each other. The central argument is built around the idea of the clash between neonationalism and postnationalism in the form of pan-Europeanism, in which new forms of collective identity in Europe are emerging.
 
 
Keywords
 
Collective identity; nationalism; national belonging; European nations; postnationalism; neonationalism; pan-Europeanism
 
 
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