ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
 
 
Olga Barburska
 
 
 
Dr. Olga Barburska – born in 1971; graduated from the Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw. Since 1997 Associate Professor at the Centre for Europe, University of Warsaw. Specialist in International Relations in the field of European Studies. Main fields of research interest: history of European integration, political and social dimension of European integration; European Union’s foreign policy (especially EU’s Eastern policy). Visiting Professor at different European universities; coordinator and participant of various research projects. Author, co-author and editor of over 30 publications, including: Past and Presence of European Integration. Poland’s Perspective (2015); Eastern Policy of the European Union: Success or Failure? (2014); History of European Integration (2013); Introduction to European Studies: A New Approach to Uniting Europe (2013); Poland in the European Union: First Experiences. Selected Political, Legal and Social Aspects (2008).
 
Statistics
 
 
 
Visits: 119
 
Downloads: 13
 
 
Creative Commons License
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | Vol. 3, Supp. 1 | July 2017
 
 
 
THE NEW CHALLENGES VS. OLD FORMULAS: WHAT WOULD MAKE THE EUROPEAN UNION A GREATER GLOBAL PLAYER?
Olga Barburska
 
 
 
 
Abstract
 
The purpose of this article is to analyse the main determinants that can affect the functioning of the European Union as one of the key global players in the contemporary world. Being a unique and highly specific international actor, the EU is a major power in terms of economic potential and the attractiveness of its social and cultural model, but it is also a dwarf in the sphere of foreign and security policy. This considerably diminishes is capabilities as an effective global actor. These weaknesses can be divided into two categories: (1) external problems resulting from the current international situation; (2) difficulties related to the internal situation of the Union. One of the main deficiencies is the inconsistency of the EU’s external policy. This policy comprises a relatively well-developed economic component as well as the foreign and security policy, which is plagued with numerous flaws. Reducing their impact would greatly strengthen the EU as a global player, but this would require (in accordance with the concept of “avant-garde Europe”) greater communitisation of this policy – which is what this text advocates.
 
 
Keywords
 
EU as a global player; external policy of the EU; avant-garde Europe
 
 
References
 

1. Adamczyk, Artur. 2016. “Perspektywy rozszerzania UE.” (“Prospects for EU enlargement”.) In Geopolityczne powi?zania Europy, a system polityczny Unii Europejskiej i mo?liwe kierunki jego ewolucji (Geopolitical relationships in Europe, and the political system of the European Union and the possible directions of its evolution), edited by Józef Ni?nik, 109-39. Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk.
2. Adamczyk, Artur. 2015. “The Mediterranean Region – Great Challenges for the European Union.” In European Union on the Global Scene: United or Irrelevant?, edited by Bogdan J. Góralczyk, 87-108. Warsaw: Centre for Europe, Warsaw University.
3. A secure Europe in a better world - European security strategy. 2003. Brussels, December 12. Accessed November 11, 2016. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/78367.pdf
4. Barber, Benjamin. 2013. If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities, New Haven: Yale University Press.
5. Barburska, Olga. 2016a. „Argument si?y czy si?a argumentów? Unia Europejska w stosunkach mi?dzynarodowych jako soft power” (“The Argument of Power or the Power of Arguments? The European Union as a Soft Power in International Relations”), Rocznik Integracji Europejskiej 10: 335-51.
6. Barburska, Olga. 2016b. „Polityka zagraniczna Unii Europejskiej: aspekty teoretyczne i metodologiczne” (“Foreign Policy of the European Union: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects”) Studia Europejskie 3: 9-41.
7. Barburska, Olga, Zaj?czkowski, Kamil. 2015. “Ukrainian Crisies – European and Polish Perspectives”, Calcutta Historical Journal 2: 45-62.
8. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2000. Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
9. Beramendi, Pablo, Silja Häusermann, Herbert Kitschelt and Hans-Peter Kries. 2015. The Politics of Advanced Capitalism. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press.
10. Brzezi?ski, Zbigniew. 2012. Strategic Vision: America and the Crisis of Global Power, New York: Basic Books.
11. Chang, Ha-Joon. 2007. Bad Samaritans: The Guilty Secrets of Rich Nations and the Threat to Global Prosperity, London: Random House Books.
12. Chomsky, Noam. 1999. Profit over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order. New York: Seven Stories Press.
13. Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, O.J., C 326, 26.10.2012.
14. Damro, Chad. 2012. “Market power Europe”. Journal of European Public Policy 5:682-99.
15. Duchęne, François 1972. “Europe’s Role in World Peace.” In Europe Tomorrow: Sixteen Europeans Look Ahead, edited by R. Mayne, London: Fontana.
16. Ferguson, Niall. 2011. Civilization: The West and the Rest. New York: The Penguin Press HC.
17. Friedman, George. 2009. The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century. New York: Doubleday.
18. Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press.
19. Gnesotto, Nicole. 2012. Przysz?o?? Europy strategicznej (The Future of Strategic Europe). Warszawa: PISM.
20. Gray, John N. 1998. False Dawn: The Delusions of Global Capitalism. London-New York: Granta Books.
21. Góralczyk, Bogdan. 2010. Chi?ski feniks, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sprawy Polityczne.
22. Huntigton, Samuel. 1996. The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of World Order, New York: Touchstone.
23. Jřrgensen, Knud Erik, Aasne Kalland Aarstad, Edith Drieskens, Katie Laatikainen and Ben Tonra, editors. 2015. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, London: SAGE Publishing.
24. Klein, Naomi. 1999. No Logo. Knopf Canada and Picador.
25. Kornai, János. 2014. Dynamizm, rywalizacja i gospodarka nadmiaru. Dwa eseje o naturze kapitalizmu (Dynamism, Rivalry and the Surplus Economy. Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism). Kraków: Fundacja Gospodarki i Administracji Publicznej.
26. Krastev, Ivan. 2013. „Democracy as Self-Correction”, ASPEN Review – Central Europe. 1:43-53.
27. Ku?niar, Roman. 2016. Europa w porz?dku mi?dzynarodowym (Europe in the International Order). Warszawa: PISM.
28. Ku?niar, Roman. 2002. „Mi?dzynarodowa to?samo?? Europy (UE) (EU’s International Identity).” In Unia Europejska nowy typ wspólnoty mi?dzynarodowej (The European Union as a New Type of International Community), edited by Edward Hali?ak and Stanis?aw Parzymies, 25-44. Warszawa: Oficyna Wydawnicza Aspra.
29. Leonard, Mark. 2005. Why Europe Will Run the 21st Century. London Fourth: Estate.
30. Lindley-French, Julian. 2005. “W cieniu Locarno? Dlaczego europejska polityka obronna nie zdaje egzaminu” („In the Shadow of Locarno? Why Is It That the European Defence Policy Does Not Work?”) Nowa Europa. Przegl?d natoli?ski 2:25-62.
31. Lubowski, Andrzej. 2013. ?wiat 2040. Czy Zachód musi przegra?? (World 2040. Does the West Have to Lose?). Kraków: Wydawnictwo Znak.
32. Mahbubani, Kishore. 2008. The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East. New York: Public Affairs.
33. Manners, Ian. 2009. “The EU’s Normative Power in Changing World Politics.” In Normative Power Europe in Changing World: A Discussion, edited by André Gerrits, 9-24. The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael.
34. Milanovic, Branko. 2016. Global Inequality. A New Approach for the Age of Globalization, Cambridge-London: Harvard University Press.
35. Milczarek, Dariusz. 2013. “Foreign and Security Policy - A Challenge for the European Union.” In Introduction to European Studies. A New Approach to Uniting Europe, edited by. Dariusz Milczarek, Artur Adamczyk and Kamil Zaj?czkowski, 467-494, Warsaw: Centre for Europe, University of Warsaw.
36. Milczarek, Dariusz. 2005. Unia Europejska we wspó?czesnym ?wiecie (The European Union in the Contemporary World), Warszawa: Centrum Europejskie Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
37. Morris, Ian. 2010. Why the West Rules - for Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
38. Nye, Joseph S. 1990. “Soft power”. Foreign Policy. 80:153-71.
39. Phelps, Edmund. 2013. Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge and Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
40. Piketty, Thomas. 2014. Capital in the Twenty First Century. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
41. Pisani-Ferry, Jean, Norbert Röttgen, André Sapir, Paul Tucker, Guntram B. Wolff. 2016. “Europe after Brexit: A proposal for a continental partnership”, Bruegel. September 25. Accessed November 7, 2016. http://bruegel.org/2016/08/europe-after-brexit-a-proposal-for-a-continental-partnership/
42. P?óciennik, Sebastian. 2016. „Zró?nicowana integracja – remedium na kryzys w UE?” („Differentiated Integration: A Remedy for the EU Migration Crisis?”). Sprawy Mi?dzynarodowe 2:12-26.
43. Przysz?o?? UE: konieczne reformy (Future of EU: necessary reforms). 2016. EurActiv, October 14. Accessed October 22, 2016. http://www.euractiv.pl/section/instytucje-ue/news/przyszlosc-ue-konieczne-reformy
44. Rachman, Gideon. 2016. Easternisation - War and Peace in the Asian Century, London: The Bodley Head.
45. Rifkin, Jeremy. 2014. The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
46. Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1983. The theory of economic development: an inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Translated by Redvers Opie. New Brunswick-London: Transaction Publishers.
47. Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe. A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign And Security Policy. 2016. Brussels: European Council. Accessed November 7, 2016. https://eeas.europa.eu/top_stories/pdf/eugs_review_web.pdf
48. Simms, Brendan. 2015. Taniec mocarstw. Walka o dominacj? w Europe od XV do XXI wieku (Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy, 1453 to the Present). Translated by Jan Szkudli?ski. Pozna?: Wydawnictwo Pozna?skie.
49. Smith, Karen E. 2001. “The EU, Human Rights and Relations with Third Countries: ‘Foreign Policy’ with an Ethical Dimension” In Ethics and Foreign Policy. Edited by Karen E. Smith and Margot Light, 185-204. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
50. Speech by President Donald Tusk at the event marking the 40th anniversary of European People Party (EPP). 2016. May 30. Accessed November 9, 2016. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/05/30-pec-speech-epp/
51. Spengler, Oswald. 2001. Zmierzch Zachodu. Zarys morfologii historii uniwersalnej (Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Umrisse einer Morphologie der Weltgeschichte). Translated by Józef Marz?cki. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo KR.
52. Tapscott, Don & Alex. 2016. Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business and the World. New York: Penguin Random House.
53. Techau, Jan. 2016. Four Predictions on the Future of Europe, January 12. Accessed January 22, 2016). http://carnegieeurope.eu
54. Todd, Emmanuel. 2002. Aprčs l’empire. Essai sur la décomposition du systeme américain. Paris: Gallimard.
55. Touraine, Alain. 2013. La fin des sociétés, Paris: Seuil.
56. Wallerstein, Immanuel. 2003. The Decline of the American Power: The U.S. in a Chaotic World. New York: New Press.
57. Zakaria, Fareed. 2008. The Post-American World, New York: W.W.Norton & Co.
58. Zaj?czkowski, Kamil. 2014. “O brakach i niedostatkach w polityce zagranicznej UE.” (“On the Shortcomings and Deficiencies of the EU Foreign Policy”.) Studia Europejskie 3:9-30.
59. Zaj?czkowski, Kamil. 2013. “European Union’s Development Assistance – Framework, Priorities and Directions”. In: Introduction to European Studies: A New Approach to Uniting Europe, edited by Dariusz Milczarek, Artur Adamczyk and Kamil Zaj?czkowski, 627-62, Warsaw: Centre for Europe, University of Warsaw.
60. Zielonka, Jan. 2006. Europe As Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 
Circle of Friends
 
 
 
Publisher
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the editors or publisher.
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs
is published by the Institute for Research and European Studies - Bitola
 
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License