Nikola Gjorshoski
Nikola Gjorshoski in 2011 has obtained master degree in Political sciences and international relations and currently is a PhD candidate also in the political sciences, module Political System. Currently he works at the Faculty of Law, University “St. Clement of Ohrid” - Bitola, like a young assistant and researcher in the following subjects: Political System, Constitutional Law, Introduction in Political Sciences, Local Self-Government. In this way he is author of several scientific articles and papers: “Definition and basic values of modern conservatism” (Bitola 2014), “Sources and values of political Islam” (Skopje 2015), “Ethical access in politic” (Skopje 2014), “The need of reform on system of UN”(Skopje 2013) etc. He is member of European Network on Access to Social Rights for Young People from 2013, as well as Local Youth Council on Municipality of Ohrid from 2014.
Visits: 599
Downloads: 31
Creative Commons License
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | Vol. 3, No. 1 | May 2017
Nikola Gjorshoski
Modern constitutional and political concepts, in a broad sense, represent an expressed codification of the elements of value that structure the relevant society or the particular group that tries to project or channel them through the existing order. The secularism vs. Islamism dichotomy is a part of such a conceptual framework. The author elaborates and compares both ultimate constitutional and political designs, specifying them through the example of Turkey and Iran, as well as to shows the basic characteristics through the prism of their political legitimacy, the organization of power, the human rights and freedoms, as well as the possibility of political activism. The thesis that the author notes develops in the direction of a warning that the extremes contained in the constitutional provisions in the vividly ideologically divided societies can be a source of a conflict and/or can generate instability or suffocation of the pluralism in the political arena.
Secularism; Islamism; Velajet-i-Faqih; Kemalism; Atli ok; Constitutional-political design

1. Ahmad, Feroz. 2006. “Republic of Turkey” in World Encyclopedia of Political systems and parties. Revised by Murat Cemrek. Fourth Edition. New York: Fact on file
2. Akhavi, Sharough. 1980. Religion and Politics on Contemporary Iran. Albani: SUNY Press
3. Alaedini, Pooya. at al. 2006. “Islamic Republic of Iran” In World Encyclopedia of Political systems and parties, Revised by Fred H. Lawson. Fourth Edition. New York: Fact on file
4. Bakhash, Shaul. 1984. The Reign of the Ayatollahs New York: Basic book
5. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1979 http://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/ir/ir001en.pdf
6. Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, 1982 https://global.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/constitution_en.pdf
7. Demiri, Bejtula. 2009. Islam i politika: politickoto iskustvo na muslimanite. Skopje: Logos-?
8. Esposito, John L. 2001. Islamska pretnja - mit ili stvarnost. Translated by Ahmet Alibasic. Zivnice: Selsebil
9. Esposito, John L. 2003. Sto bi svatko trebao znati o islamu. Translated by Nevad Kahteran i Ivan Korpek, Zagreb: Religijski niz
10. Gellner, Ernest. 1992. Postmodernism, Reason and Religion. London: Routledge
11. Heper, Martin. 1997. “Islam and democracy in Turkey: Towards a Reconciliation” In Middle East Journal, Number. 5. London: Hurts & Company
12. Hejvud, Endru. 2004. Politika. Translated by Jovan Jovanovic, Beograd: Clio
13. Kadioglu, Ayse. 1998. “Republican Epistemology and Islamic Discourse in Turkey in the 1990’s” In Muslim World Vol. 84 Hartford: Hartford University Press
14. Kulenovic, Tarik. 2008. Politicki islam. Zagreb: V.B.Z
15. Mardin, Serif. 1983. “Turkey” in Islam in Political Process, Edited by James Piscatori. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
16. Schulze, Reinhard. 2000. A modern history of the Islamic world. Translated by Azizeh Azodi, London: IB Tauris Publishers
17. Tamimi, Azzam and Esposito, John L. 2000. Islam and Secularism in the Middle East. New York: New York University Press
18. Zakaria, Fareed. 1997. “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy” In Foreign Affairs Vol. 76 San Diego: Gordon Farson
Circle of Friends
Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the editors or publisher.
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs
is published by the Institute for Research and European Studies - Bitola
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License