ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
 
 
Rossen Koroutchev
 
 
 
Rossen Kostadinov Koroutchev is a Master fellow of Geography (2008) and International Relations (2010) from Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain, where later in 2014 he defended his PhD thesis about the European Return and Cyclic Migration. He is currently a Research Associate Scientist at the Group of Mediterranean Studies at the same University and has been recently awarded by a visiting research position at the Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science, the Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice, Slovakia. His research is focused on Migration, Borders and Development issues.
 
Statistics
 
 
 
Visits: 319
 
Downloads: 9
 
 
Creative Commons License
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | Vol. 6, No. 1 | May 2020
 
 
 
SEASONAL WORKERS BEFORE THE COVID-19 ERA: ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATION WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF EASTERN EUROPE
Rossen Koroutchev
 
 
 
 
Abstract
 
This paper analyzes the phenomenon of the seasonal workers in Europe before the Covid-19 pandemic and discusses the legislation for intermediation job intermediation agencies in several East European countries such as Bulgaria, Romania and Poland. Additionally we discuss the typical patterns for seasonal migration in European context. We also analyze the situation of seasonal workers in Scandinavia (the berry picking activity in Sweden), in Spain (the orange picking in the Mediterranean regions) as well as the Ukrainian seasonal workers in some of the Visegrad-4 countries (Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia). Finally, we briefly discuss some novel approaches which might be used as regulation mechanisms.
 
 
Keywords
 
Seasonal Workers; Intermediation Job Agencies; Eastern Europe; V4 Countries; Visa Formalities
 
 
References
 

1. Agricultural labour management - University of California http://www.cnr.berkeley.edu/ucce50/ag-labor/
2. Aparicio, R. et al., (2008): Combating illegal employment of foreigners in Spain: scale and reasons behind the phenomenon; laws and policies against, in: M. Kupiszewski and H. Mattila (Eds), Addressing the Irregular Employment of Immigrants in theEuropean Union: Between Sanctions and Rights, pp. 251-296.
3. Arango, J. et al., (2009): The making of an immigration model: inflows, impacts and policies in Southern Europe, Working Paper No. 9, IDEA Project.
4. Bade, K., (2008): Migration in European History, Blackwell Publishing.
5. Berry pickers' shortage after Thai trafficking case (2019) https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9135575/finland-berry-pickers-shortage-after-thai-trafficking-case/
6. Bieniecki, M. and Pawlak, M., (2009): Strategie przetwania. Adaptacja ukrainskich migrantow zarobkowych do polskiej rzeczywistosci instytucjonalnej, Instytut Spraw Publicznych (ISP), Warszawa.
7. Official site of the Bulgarian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy: Intermediate Enterprises https://www.az.government.bg/portal/
8. Bolkstein Directive (Directive on services in the internal market) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32006L0123:EN:NOT
9. Bolkestein Directive - an insight analysis https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=6f996e2d-078f-4e7d-9afc-1d681752dc5a
10. Statistics about the Bulgarians abroad (2011) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/MVnR_Spravka_bulgari_v_chujbina.pdf
11. Dawney, L., (2008): Racialisation of central and east European migrants in Herefordshire Sussex Centre for Migration Research, Working Paper No 53, pp. 1-17.
12. Dietz, B., (2002): East west migration patterns in an enlarging Europe: The German case, Journal Global Review of Ethnopolitics, Volume 2 (1), pp. 29-43.
13. Drbohlav, D. and Jaroszewicz, M., Eds., (2016): Ukrainian Migration in Times of Crisis: Forced and Labour Mobility, (Chapter 4 for the case of Slovakia), Charles University, Faculty of Science https://www.osw.waw.pl/sites/default/files/projekty/ukrainian_migration_in_time_of_crisis.pdf
14. El Mundo, 13 hours for 15 euros, 22.02.2012 http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2012/02/22/andalucia/1329928350.html
15. European Migration Network https://123.emn.lt/en/-migration-trends
16. EUROSTAT, unemployment rate https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Unemployment_statistics
17. Gertel, J. and Sippel, S. R., (Eds.), (2014): Seasonal workers in Mediterranean agriculture: The social costs of eating fresh, Routledge, New York.
18. Hooper, L. and le Coz, C., (2020): Seasonal Worker Programmes in Europe: Promising practices and ongoing challenges, MPI Policy Briefs, February 2020 https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/seasonal-worker-program
19. Hryhorenko, Y., (2019): Labor loss: How neighboring countries attract Ukrainian workers? https://112.international/article/labor-loss-how-neighboring-countries-attract-ukrainian-workers-40324.html
20. A Case Study of Thai migrant workers exploited in Sweden https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---ilo-manila/documents/publication/wcms_182264.pdf
21. Information for foreign berry pickers https://www.av.se/globalassets/filer/publikationer/broschyrer/english/information-for-foreign-berry-pickers-adi653eng.pdf
22. Jaroszewicz, M., (2018): Migration from Ukraine to Poland - the trend stabilizes, OSW report of Center of Eastern Studies, https://www.osw.waw.pl/sites/default/files/Report_Migration%20from%20Ukraine_net.pdf
23. Maroukis, T., IglickaK. and Gmaj, K., (2011): Irregular Migration and Informal Economy in Southern and Central-Eastern Europe: Breaking the Vicious Cycle? Int. Migration, pp. 129-156, doi:10.1111/j.1468-2435.2011.00709.x
24. National Italian Institute of Statistics: Demographic Indicators https://knoema.es/atlas/sources/ISTAT
25. National Spanish Institute of Statistics: Demographics https://www.ine.es
26. Panchamia, P. et al., (2017): Passport, VISA and Immigration Management Blockchain, in the Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference in Advanced Computing and Communications, DOI: 10.1109/ADCOM.2017.00009 https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8691939
27. Polish law on employment promotion and labour market institutions https://www.global-regulation.com/translation/poland/3353898/act-of-20-april-2004-on-employment-promotion-and-labour-market-institutions.html
28. Power, J., (2014), Migrant Workers in Western Europe and the United States, Pergamon.
29. Official site of the Romanian National Agency of Labour http://www.anofm.ro/medierea-muncii-actualizat-la-28-03-2011
30. Rye, J. F. and Andrzejewska, J., (2010): The structural disempowerment of Eastern European migrant farm workers in Norwegian agriculture, Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 26 (1), pp. 41-51.
31. Seasonal work in Poland https://www.careersinpoland.com/article/arrival-and-stay/seasonal-work-in-poland
32. Work permit for seasonal workers https://www.migrationsverket.se/English/Private-individuals/Working-in-Sweden/Employed/Special-rules-for-certain-occupations-and-citizens-of-certain-countries/Seasonal-work.html
33. Tapscott D. and Tapscott A., (2016): Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business, and the World, Portfolio Publ. ISBN-10: 1101980141 ISBN-13: 9781101980149.
34. A report on The on-going stuggle of Thai berry pickers in Sweden, 04.03.2012 http://issuu.com/workazine/docs/a-report-on-the-on-going-struggle-of-thai-berry-pi
35. Thai officials hold back on visas for berry pickers https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/thai_officials_hold_back_on_visas_for_berry_pickers/10861443
36. Work permits for berry pickers https://www.migrationsverket.se/English/Private-individuals/Working-in-Sweden/Employed/Special-rules-for-certain-occupations-and-citizens-of-certain-countries/Berry-pickers.html
37. Work Permit Regulations for Fruit Pickers in Sweden https://www.workinfinland.com/work-permit-regulations-for-fruit-pickers-in-sweden/.XhScV_ykHIU
 
Circle of Friends
 
 
 
Publisher
 
 
   
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not necessarily the views of the editors or publisher.
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs
is published by the Institute for Research and European Studies - Bitola
 
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License