ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
 
 
Erlies S. Nurbani
 
 
 
Erlies S. Nurbani, was born in Sumbawa, Indonesia. She was graduated from Master of Laws (LL.M) Gadjah Mada University on 2011. Today, she is an Assisstant Professor in the Faculty of Law, University of Mataram, Indonesia. Her research area is Public of International Law, Law of the Sea and Humanitarian Law. She is also Managing Editor of Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum dan Keadilan and Editor of Unram Law Review (ULREV). She wrotes several books and articles, namely : Applicaton of Legal Theory in Thesis and Dissertation (2013), Divestment Law in Indonesia : Post Constitutional Court Verdict Number 2/SKLN/2012 (2013), The Development of Weapon Technology and Principle of Proportionality (2017), Indonesia's Obligation Based on Common Articles of Geneva Convention 1949 (2018), Environmental Protection in International Humanitarian Law (2018).
 
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Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | Vol. 5, No. 3 | January 2020
 
 
 
SUBMARINE TAILING DISPOSAL SYSTEM: INDONESIA'S POLICY AND FUTURE CHALLENGES
Erlies S. Nurbani
 
 
 
 
Abstract
 
This research departs from Indonesia's policy and practice on the submarine tailings disposal system, in which there is a legal vacuum in Indonesia legal system. However, Indonesia is part of UNCLOS 1982, which obliged to conform their rules with the regulation in the convention, especially on the protection of the marine environment. This research aims are to examine the current Indonesia's policy and compare it with American and Canadian policies. To visualize the above objective, this research applies normative-empiric legal research, which emphasizes its analysis of primary and secondary legal materials. All collected legal materials are classified, categorized, analyzed and constructed as well as developed through analytical prescriptive elaboration. The utilization of the marine area as a medium of submarine tailing disposal system could be categorized as a land-based source of marine pollution. As one of the biggest archipelago states in the world, Indonesia should have a strict regulation on submarine tailings disposal to prevent the past failure of the system in Buyat Bay, North Sulawesi.
 
 
Keywords
 
Submarine Tailing Disposal; Legal Vacuum; Indonesia's Practice; Land Based Source; Marine Pollution
 
 
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