Pramod Jaiswal is Senior Research Officer at Centre for Internal and Regional Security (IReS) at Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. His primary focus is on insurgencies, border management, terrorism, illegal migration, radicalism, and ethnic conflicts. He specialises in South Asia with a focus on Nepal and China’s role in the region. Prior to this, he worked with the South Asia Research Centre, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, and with The Rising Nepal, Kathmandu-based English daily. He has authored ‘Nepal-China Relations, 1990-2009’, edited ‘Constitution of Nepal: Evolution, Development and Debates’ and ‘Understanding Nepal in Contemporary Times’ and co-edited ‘India-China-Nepal: Decoding Trilateralism’, ‘Unique Asian Triangle: India-China-Nepal’ and ‘Nepal’s Foreign Policy and Her Neighbours’. He holds a PhD and MPhil from the Centre for South Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.