ENERGY AND GEO-ECONOMICS: EVIDENCE UNDERPINNING RUSSIAN INTERVENTION IN SYRIA

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Nada El Abdi

Abstract

Since September 2015 and the Russian military intervention in the country, the interests in Syria have been numerous and of great importance for the actors involved in this conflict. The interests in Syria are numerous and of great importance for the actors involved in this conflict. Russia, like the Allies and opponents of the Bashar Al-Assad regime, is fighting for geopolitical, geo-economic, or ideological reasons. The Middle East region finds itself shaken by the sharp resurgence of a confrontation between actors allied to the United States, other allies of Russia, and this Syrian crisis thus impacts the geopolitical configuration of the region. This paper presents an analysis of the Russian intervention strategy in Syria. We argue that Russia intervened in Syria to strengthen the already existing Russian-Syrian alliance, to curb extremist proliferation, and to take advantage of Syria's strategic position. The objective is to determine the reasons for the Russian military intervention in Syria related to energy and geo-economic interests. The Russian intervention in Syria was an ideal opportunity to draw closer to several powerful states in the region and a way to benefit from positive spin-offs on its arms market and hydrocarbon road plans. Despite the risks and costs associated with defending the Syrian regime, Moscow has secured its political and economic power in the Middle East.

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How to Cite
El Abdi, N. . (2021). ENERGY AND GEO-ECONOMICS: EVIDENCE UNDERPINNING RUSSIAN INTERVENTION IN SYRIA. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 6(3), 38-51. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2163038ea
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Author Biography

Nada El Abdi, French Institute of Geopolitics, Paris, France

Holder of a master's degree in international relations, (Panthéon-Assas University) she is currently a doctoral student at the French Institute of Geopolitics in Paris. She is preparing her thesis under the theme: "Russian Geopolitics in the Middle East Since 2015: Objectives, Strategies and Representations". His thesis focuses on the process of Russian geopolitical reasoning in the Middle East since 2015. This thesis attempts to understand the dynamics of the space in which Russia evolves in order to perceive its willingness or capacity for action in a more distant geographical area, but with substantial implications for its policy in many fields: energy, security, religious and diplomatic. Its main lines of research are related to the geopolitics of risks, particularly in the Middle East region.

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